Volume 18, Number 8—August 2012
Lack of Evidence for Schmallenberg Virus Infection in Highly Exposed Persons, Germany, 2012
|Exposure category†||No. shepherds exposed/total no. (%)||No. shepherds with symptoms/total no. exposed (%)‡|
|Sheep husbandry in SBV-epizootic area||60/60 (100)||9/60 (15)|
|Laboratory-confirmed SBV infection in livestock||36/60 (60)||5/36 (14)|
|Contact with birth products or with lambs that had characteristic signs of SBV disease||48/60 (80)||8/48 (17)|
|Contact with adult sheep that had characteristic signs of SBV disease||28/51 (55)||5/28 (18)|
|Frequent insect bites in SBV-epizootic area§||22/56 (39)||5/22 (23)|
*SBV, Schmallenberg virus.
†Multiple responses possible.
‡Self-reported signs and symptoms of fever, headache, skin rash, myalgia/arthralgia, respiratory problems, or photophobia since SBV infection appeared in the study area or after handling diseased animals and resulting from unknown cause in each exposure category.
§Self-reported as ‘”very often” or “often.”
1These authors contributed equally to this article.
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