Puumala Virus Infections Associated with Cardiovascular Causes of Death
Anne-Marie Connolly-Andersen, Kristin Ahlm, Clas Ahlm , and Jonas Klingström
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden (A.-M. Connolly-Andersen, K. Ahlm, C. Ahlm); Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden (J. Klingström); Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (J. Klingström)
Figure 1. . Main causes of death for patients in the acute phase of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), Sweden 1997–2009. Acute phase includes any death within 90 days of HFRS diagnosis. Data from the HFRS database, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Cause of Death Register, National Board of Health and Welfare. HFRS, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome; CVD, cardiovascular disease; RD, renal disease; PD, pulmonary disease; ND, neoplastic disease; GI, gastrointestinal disease; ID, infectious disease; ED, endocrine disease; CNS, central nervous system disease.
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