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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

CME ACTIVITY - Research

Staphylococcal Infections in Children, California, USA, 1985–2009

Kathleen GutierrezComments to Author , Meira S. Halpern, Clea Sarnquist, Shila Soni1, Anna Chen Arroyo, and Yvonne Maldonado
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Risk of staphylococcal infection, by demographic characteristic, for children, California, 1985–2009*

Demographic characteristics Risk of infection, OR† (95% CI)
General population of children Hospitalized children
Sex

M

1.25 (1.23–1.26) 1.07 (1.06–1.09)

F


Reference
Reference
Race

White

Reference Reference

Black

1.46 (1.43–1.49) 1.05 (1.04–1.07)

Hispanic

0.94 (0.93–0.95) 0.96 (0.95–0.97)

Asian


0.63 (0.62–0.65)
Dropped
Age at admission

<30 d

5.64 (5.55–5.73)‡ 0.39 (0.39–0.40)

31–91 d

0.95 (0.92–0.97)

92–365 d

0.98 (0.96–1.00)

1–2 y

Reference Reference

3–5 y

0.42 (0.41–0.43) 0.80 (0.78–0.81)

6–9 y

0.31 (0.31–0.32) 0.81 (0.79–0.92)

10–13 y

0.34 (0.33–0.35) 0.90 (0.88–0.92)

14–17 y


0.48 (0.47–0.49)
0.76 (0.74–0.77)
Expected source of payment

Private insurance

NA 0.78 (0.77–0.79)

Other§

NA Reference

*OR, odds ratio; NA, not applicable.
†ORs were calculated by using backward logistic regression (stay criteria p<0.01) with the variables listed in the table and year of admission.
‡Combined value for all children <1 year of age.
§Medi-Cal, Medicare, other government sources, charity, and none.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Foodia, San Francisco, California, USA.

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