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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

Research

Risk Factors for Nipah Virus Infection among Pteropid Bats, Peninsular Malaysia

Sohayati A. Rahman, Latiffah HassanComments to Author , Jonathan H. Epstein, Zaini C. Mamat, Aziz M. Yatim, Sharifah S. Hassan, Hume E. Field, Tom Hughes, Justin Westrum, M.S. Naim, Arshad S. Suri, A. Aziz Jamaluddin, Peter Daszak, and the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Malaysia (S.A. Rahman, Z.C. Mamat, A.M. Yatim, M.S. Naim, A.A. Jamaluddin); Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia (L. Hassan, A.S. Suri); EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, USA (J.H. Epstein, T. Hughes, J. Westrum, P. Daszak); Monash University, Selangor, (S.S. Hassan); Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (H.E. Field)

Main Article

Table 1

Pteropus vampyrus bats with Nipah virus–neutralizing antibody titers, Peninsular Malaysia, January 2004–October 2006*

Location Sex Age No. SNT titer No. positive % Seroprevalence (95% CI)
Perlis, n = 6
M Adult 4 <8 0 16.7 (1.1–58.2)
Juvenile 0 NA NA
Pup 0 NA NA
F
Adult 0 NA NA
Juvenile 2 <8 1
Pup
0
NA
NA
Perak, n = 50 M Adult 18 <8–32 3 24 (14.1–37.5)
Juvenile 11 <8–64 2
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 18 <8–512 7
Juvenile 3 <8 0


Pup
0
NA
NA
Terengganu, n = 18 M Adult 6 <8–128 1 38.9 (20.2–61.5)
Juvenile 5 <8–64 4
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 6 <8–16 2
Juvenile 0 NA NA


Pup
1
<8
0
Johor, n = 73 M Adult 23 <8–128 12 42.4 (31.7–53.9)
Juvenile 16 <8–128 6
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 26 <8–128 12
Juvenile 8 <8–16 1


Pup
0
NA
NA
Pahang, n = 106 M Adult 44 <8–1,024 10 29.2 (21.4–38.5)
Juvenile 9 <8 0
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 50 <8–1,024 21
Juvenile 3 <8 0


Pup
0
NA
NA
Overall, N = 253 Adult 193 <8–1,024 0 32.8 (27.3–38.8)
Juvenile 66 NA 14
Pup 1 NA 68

*SNT, serum neutralization test; NA, not applicable (no sample).

Main Article

1Members of the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group are listed on the group’s website (www.ecohealthalliance.org/herg).

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