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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

Research

Risk Factors for Nipah Virus Infection among Pteropid Bats, Peninsular Malaysia

Sohayati A. Rahman, Latiffah HassanComments to Author , Jonathan H. Epstein, Zaini C. Mamat, Aziz M. Yatim, Sharifah S. Hassan, Hume E. Field, Tom Hughes, Justin Westrum, M.S. Naim, Arshad S. Suri, A. Aziz Jamaluddin, Peter Daszak, and the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Malaysia (S.A. Rahman, Z.C. Mamat, A.M. Yatim, M.S. Naim, A.A. Jamaluddin); Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia (L. Hassan, A.S. Suri); EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, USA (J.H. Epstein, T. Hughes, J. Westrum, P. Daszak); Monash University, Selangor, (S.S. Hassan); Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (H.E. Field)

Main Article

Table 2

Pteropus hypomelanus bats with Nipah virus–neutralizing antibody titers, Peninsular Malaysia, January 2004–October 2006*

Location Sex Age No. SNT titer No. positive % Seroprevalence (95% CI)
Pulau Pangkor, n = 23 M Adult 13 <8 0 0 (0–16)
Juvenile 4 <8 0
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 4 <8 0
Juvenile 2 <8 0


Pup
0
NA
NA
Pulau Perhentian, n = 15 M Adult 2 <8–128 0 13.3 (2.5–39.1)
Juvenile 1 <8 1
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 7 <8–64 1
Juvenile 5 <8 0


Pup
0
NA
NA
Pulau Kapas, n = 29 M Adult 7 <8 0 3.3 (0.01–18.1)
Juvenile 0 NA NA
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 15 <8 1
Juvenile 7 <8–32 0


Pup
0
NA
NA

Pulau Tioman, n = 50 M Adult 27 <8–128 6 20 (11.1–33.2)
Juvenile 4 <8 0
Pup 0 NA NA
F Adult 11 <8–256 4
Juvenile 8 <8 0


Pup
0
NA
NA
Overall, N = 117 Adult 73 <8–256 13 11.1 (6.5–18.2)
Juvenile 31 NA 0
Pup 0 NA 0

*SNT, serum neutralization test; NA, not applicable (no sample).

Main Article

1Members of the Henipavirus Ecology Research Group are listed on the group’s website (www.ecohealthalliance.org/herg).

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