Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 19, Number 10—October 2013

Research

Plasmodium vivax Malaria during Pregnancy, Bolivia

Laurent Brutus, José Santalla, Dominique Schneider, Juan Carlos Avila, and Philippe Deloron
Author affiliations: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France (L. Brutus, D. Schneider, P. Deloron); Université Paris Descartes, Paris (L. Brutus, D. Schneider, P. Deloron); Ministerio de Salud y Deportes, La Paz, Bolivia (J. Santalla); Vector-borne Diseases Program, Guayaramerín, Beni, Bolivia (J.C. Avila)

Main Article

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of women and babies at delivery during a hospital-based survey, Guayaramerín and Bermejo Bolivia, 2002–2004*

Characteristic Guayaramerín, n = 1,003 Bermejo, n = 504 p value
Mothers
Age, y 23.2 ± 6.4 24.2 ± 6.7 0.008
No. previous pregnancies 2.1 ± 2.4 1.9 ± 2.1 0.40
Primiparae 31.7 28.4 0.18
No. antenatal visits 4.7 ± 2.0 3.7 ± 2.1 <0.001
No antenatal visit 1.9 7.8 <0.001
Houses with indoor insecticide spraying 55.0 50.3 0.098
Women living in rural settlements 6.8 22.7 <0.001
Delivery during transmission season 60.0 52.6 0.006
Hemoglobin level, g/dL 11.1 ± 2.0 11.4 ± 1.9 <0.001
Moderate-to-severe anemia, hemoglobin level <8 g/dL 6.8 6.3 0.70
Babies
Girls 47.5 49.8 0.41
Birthweight, g 3,310 ± 509 3,383 ± 515 0.003
Low birthweight, <2,500 g 5.0 4.8 0.83
Premature babies, <37 weeks 7.6 4.4 0.018
Placental Plasmodium vivax infection 2.7 3.0 0.73
Placental P. falciparum infection 0.4 NA NA

*Values are mean ± SD or percentage. Significant values (p<0.05) are indicated in boldface. NA, not applicable.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO