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Volume 19, Number 11—November 2013

Dispatch

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia

Ziad A. Memish, Nischay Mishra, Kevin J. Olival, Shamsudeen F. Fagbo, Vishal Kapoor, Jonathan H. Epstein, Rafat AlHakeem, Abdulkareem Durosinloun, Mushabab Al Asmari, Ariful Islam, Amit Kapoor, Thomas Briese, Peter Daszak, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, and W. Ian LipkinComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Z.A. Memish, S.F. Fagbo, R. AlHakeem, A. Durosinloun, A.A. Al Rabeeah); Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (N. Mishra, V. Kapoor, A. Kapoor, T. Briese, W.I. Lipkin); EcoHealth Alliance, New York (K.J. Olival, J.H. Epstein, P. Daszak); Ministry of Health, Bisha, Saudi Arabia (M. Al Asmari); EcoHealth Alliance, Dhaka, Bangladesh (A. Islam)

Main Article

Table 2

CoVs detected in bats, Saudi Arabia*

Bat family, genus, species
Location
No. Bats
No. samples tested (no. positive)
Total samples (n = 1,003)
Total positive samples (n = 227) (closely related CoVs)†
Throat swab
Fecal pellets
Urine
Serum
Roost feces
October 2012









Emballonuridae
Taphozous perforatus Bisha ruins 29 29 (0) 25 (2) 8 (0) 22 10 (1) 94 1 β-Cov
(1 MERS novel CoV) and 2 α-CoVs
(1 bovine respiratory CoV, 1 Kenya bat CoV BtKY86)
Pteropodidae
Eidolon helvum Bisha town center 25 25 (0) 25 (5) 13 (0) 19 82 1 β-CoV (1 Eidolon bat CoV-HKU1) and 
4 α-CoVs (4 Kenya bat CoV BtKY86)
Rousettus aegyptiacus Bisha town center 3 3 (0) 3 (0) 1 (0) 2 9
Rhinopomatidae
Rhinopoma hardwickii Naqi and Old Naqi 36 36 (0) 35 (0) 4 (0) 15 (0) 90
Rhinopoma microphyllum Old Naqi 1 1 (0) 1 (0) 2
Vespertilionidae
Eptesicus bottae Bisha ruins 1 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 32 (0) 35
Pipistrellus kuhlii
Bisha ruins
1
1 (0)
1 (0)



2

April 2013









Rhinopomatidae
Rhinopoma hardwickii Greater Bisha area 209 (93) 209 2 β-CoVs (2 canine respiratory CoVs) and
91α-CoVs (5 canine CoVs, 2 Miniopterus bat CoVs, 84 Chaerephon bat CoV)
Taphozous perforatus Bisha ruins 203 (0) 203
Vespertilionidae
Pipistrellus kuhlii Greater Unaizah area 9 9 (0) –- 263 (126) 277 126 α-CoVs
(69 alphaCoV P.kuh-Spain,
3 canine CoVs,
37 bat CoV P.pyg/Germany,
1 human CoV NL63,
2 Rousettus bat CoV HKU10,
11 Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus,
2 Cardioderma bat CoVs,
1 Hipposideros bat CoV HKU10)
Greater Riyadh area 5 5 (0)

*CoV, coronavirus; MERS, Middle East respiratory syndrome; –, not applicable.
†Based on BLASTn (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/blast/Blast.cgi).

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