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Volume 19, Number 3—March 2013

Research

Attribution of Foodborne Illnesses, Hospitalizations, and Deaths to Food Commodities by using Outbreak Data, United States, 1998–2008

John A. PainterComments to Author , Robert M. Hoekstra, Tracy Ayers, Robert V. Tauxe, Christopher R. Braden, Frederick J. Angulo, and Patricia M. Griffin
Author affiliations: Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Estimates of annual hospitalizations for domestically acquired foodborne illnesses attributed to specific food commodities and commodity groups, by pathogen type, United States, 1998–2008*

Commodity or commodity group No. (%) hospitalizations
All agents Bacterial Chemical Parasitic Viral
Aquatic animals† 3,199 (5.6) 1,158 (3.2) 921 (61.6) 231 (4.7) 889 (5.8)
Fish 1,661 (2.9) 210 (0.6) 894 (59.8) 6 (0.1) 551 (3.6)
Shellfish† 1,538 (2.7) 948 (2.6) 27 (1.8) 225 (4.6) 338 (2.2)
Crustaceans 117 (0.2) 75 (0.2) 7 (0.5) 34 (0.2)
Mollusks
1,421 (2.5)
873 (2.4)
20 (1.3)
225 (4.6)
303 (2.0)
Land animals† 26,118 (45.5) 21,471 (60.0) 198 (13.3) 6 (0.1) 4,443 (29.1)
Dairy 9,284 (16.2) 7,464 (20.9) 23 (1.5) 1,798 (11.8)
Eggs 4,062 (7.1) 2,979 (8.3) 42 (2.8) 1,041 (6.8)
Meat-poultry† 12,772 (22.2) 11,029 (30.8) 134 (8.9) 6 (0.1) 1,604 (10.5)
Meat† 6,138 (10.7) 5,238 (14.6) 15 (1.0) 6 (0.1) 880 (5.8)
Beef 3,075 (5.4) 2,650 (7.4) 4 (0.3) 421 (2.8)
Game 117 (0.2) 94 (0.3) 9 (0.6) 6 (0.1) 8 (0.1)
Pork 2,946 (5.1) 2,494 (7.0) 1 (0.1) 450 (2.9)
Poultry
6,634 (11.5)
5,791 (16.2)
119 (8.0)

724 (4.7)
Plants† 23,506 (40.9) 13,043 (36.4) 377 (25.2) 221 (4.5) 9,865 (64.5)
Grains-beans 1,437 (2.5) 695 (1.9) 78 (5.2) 664 (4.3)
Oils-sugars 184 (0.3) 14 (0.9) 170 (1.1)
Produce† 21,885 (38.1) 12,349 (34.5) 284 (19.0) 221 (4.5) 9,031 (59.1)
Fruits-nuts 5,829 (10.1) 3,279 (9.2) 177 (11.8) 213 (4.4) 2,160 (14.1)
Vegetables† 16,057 (27.9) 9,070 (25.3) 108 (7.2) 8 (0.2) 6,871 (45.0)
Fungi 37 (0.1) 14 (0.0) 23 (1.5)
Leafy 7,769 (13.5) 2,393 (6.7) 55 (3.7) 7 (0.1) 5,314 (34.8)
Root 1,501 (2.6) 793 (2.2) 7 (0.5) 700 (4.6)
Sprout 713 (1.2) 713 (2.0)
Vine-stalk
6,038 (10.5)
5,157 (14.4)
22 (1.5)
1 (0.0)
857 (5.6)
Undetermined
4,639 (8.1)
124 (0.3)

4,428 (90.6)
87 (0.6)
Total 57,462 (100.0) 35,797 (100.0) 1,496 (100.0) 4,886 (100.0) 15,284 (100.0)

*Most estimates from (1); some were made as described in Methods. Numbers of hospitalizations are the most probable estimate, as described in Methods. Estimates are rounded; some row and column sums may differ from their totals. Blank cells indicate no data.
†Indicates commodity group.

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