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Volume 19, Number 3—March 2013

Dispatch

Mycobacterial Lineages Causing Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis, Ethiopia

Rebuma Firdessa12, Stefan Berg1, Elena Hailu1, Esther Schelling, Balako Gumi, Girume Erenso, Endalamaw Gadisa, Teklu Kiros, Meseret Habtamu, Jemal Hussein, Jakob Zinsstag, Brian D. Robertson, Gobena Ameni, Amanda J. Lohan, Brendan Loftus, Iñaki Comas, Sebastien Gagneux, Rea Tschopp, Lawrence Yamuah, Glyn Hewinson, Stephen V. Gordon, Douglas B. Young, and Abraham AseffaComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (R. Firdessa, E. Hailu, B. Gumi, G. Erenso, E. Gadisa, T. Kiros, M. Habtamu, J. Hussein, R. Tschopp, L. Yamuah, A. Aseffa); Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK (S. Berg, G. Hewinson); Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland (E. Schelling, J. Zinsstag, S. Gagneux, R. Tschopp); University of Basel, Basel (E. Schelling, J. Zinsstag, S. Gagneux); Imperial College, London, London, UK (B.D. Robertson, D.B. Young); Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa (G. Ameni); University College Dublin Conway Institute, Dublin, Ireland (A.J. Lohan, B. Loftus, S.V. Gordon); National Institute for Medical Research, London (I. Comas, D.B. Young); Centre for Public Health Research, Valencia, Spain (I. Comas); Centro de Investigación y Educación en Red en Epidemiología Biomédica Pública, Madrid, Spain (I. Comas)

Main Article

Table 1

Mycobacterium spp. and strains, Ethiopia, 2006–2010*

Collection site Pulmonary TB
TBLN
M. tuberculosis
M. bovis NTM M. tuberculosis
M. bovis NTM
Total L4 L3 L7 L1 Total L4 L3 L7 L1
Gondar 92 32 58 2 0 0 0 32 21 11 0 0 0 0
Woldiya 23 9 10 4 0 0 0 110 54 43 13 0 0 5
Ghimbi 47 40 6 1 0 0 0 69 58 11 0 0 0 0
Fiche‡ 169 128 35 6 0 1 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Addis Ababa‡ 60 50 7 3 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Butajira 70 60 9 1 0 0 0 110 91 13 6 0 0 0
Negelle/Filtu/Jinka 161 123 28 0 10 3 3 7 5 1 0 1 0 2
Total isolates 622 442 153 17 10 4 3 328 229 79 19 1 0 7
Total M. tuberculosis % 100 71.1 24.6 2.7 1.6 NA NA 100 69.8 24.1 5.8 0.3 NA NA

*Values are no. isolates. TB, tuberculosis; TBLN, TB lymphadenitis in cervical lymph nodes; NTM, nontuberculous mycobacteria; NA, not applicable.
†Lineage of M. tuberculosis is expressed by an L followed by a digit.
‡TBLN samples were not collected in Fiche and Addis Ababa.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

2Current affiliation: University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

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