Volume 19, Number 9—September 2013
| Psychiatric manifestations
|Confirmed||Probable case, with documented head nodding episodes:|
|Observed and recorded by a trained health care worker|
|Videotaped head nodding episode|
|Video/EEG/EMG documenting head nodding as atonic seizures|
*As agreed upon at the first International Conference on Nodding Syndrome, Kampala, Uganda, July 2012.16 EEG, electroencephalography; EMG, electromyography.
†Repetitive involuntary drops of the head toward the chest on ≥2 occasions.
- Page created: August 20, 2013
- Page last updated: August 20, 2013
- Page last reviewed: August 20, 2013
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
Office of the Director (OD)