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Volume 2, Number 3—July 1996

Dispatch

Two Morbilliviruses Implicated in Bottlenose Dolphin Epizootics

Jeffery K. Taubenberger*, Mark Tsai*, Amy E. Krafft*, Jack H. Lichy*, Ann H. Reid*, F. Yvonne Schulman†, and Thomas P. Lipscomb†
Author affiliations: *Division of Molecular Pathology, Department of Cellular Pathology; †Department of Veterinary Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology,Washington, DC 20306-6000 USA

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Table 1

Case summary

Date found Stranding by state Dolphin species Morbillivirus sequencea
4 Aug. 1987 New Jersey Tursiops truncatus DMV
5 Aug. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus DMV
9 Aug. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus DMV
11 Aug. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus DMV
23 Aug. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus DMV + PMV
3 Sep. 1987 New Jersey Stenella coeruloalba DMV
5 Sep. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus DMV + PMV
6 Sep. 1987 New Jersey T. truncatus PMV
14 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus PMV
14 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV + PMV
15 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus PMV
26 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV + PMV
29 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus PMV
29 Aug. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV
4 Sep. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV
5 Oct. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV
6 Oct. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV
7 Oct. 1987 Virginia T. truncatus DMV
21 Dec. 1987 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus PMV
21 Dec. 1987 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus PMV
1 Jan. 1988 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus PMV
18 Jan. 1988 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus PMV
9 Feb. 1988 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus DMV
9 Feb. 1988 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus PMV
10 Feb. 1988 Florida (Atlantic Coast) T. truncatus DMV
4 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
4 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
4 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
11 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
15 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
19 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
21 Apr. 1993 Texas T. truncatus PMV
1991 Mediterranean Sea S. coeruloalba DMV
1991 Mediterranean Sea S. coeruloalba DMV
1991 Mediterranean Sea S. coeruloalba DMV
1991 Mediterranean Sea S. coeruloalba DMV
1988 Northern Ireland Phocoena phocoena PMV

a RNA isolation, RT-PCR, and cycle sequencing were performed (11,20).

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