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Volume 2, Number 4—October 1996

Dispatch

Experimental Inoculation of Plants and Animals with Ebola Virus

Robert Swanepoel*, Patricia A. Leman*, Felicity J. Burt*, Nicholas A. Zachariades*, Lawrence E.O. Braack†, Thomas G. Ksiazek‡, Pierre E. Rollin‡, Sherif R. Zaki‡, and Clarence J. Peters‡
Author affiliations: *National Institute for Virology, Sandringham, South Africa; †National Parks Board, Skukuza, South Africa; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 2

Results of experimental infection of various animals with Ebola virus

Day postinfection
Species Common name Pool size 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 21 28
Columba livia Domestic pigeon 1 0/1* 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/2 0/2
Hyperolius viridiflavus Painted reed frog 2 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/2
Bufo regularis Common toad 1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Chiromantis xerampelina Grey tree frog 1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Hemidactylus mabouia Tropical house gecko 1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Lamprophis fuliginosus Brown house snake 1 0/1 0/1 1/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 1/1 0/1 0/1 1/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/2 0/2
Geochelone pardalis Leopard tortoise 1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Kinixys belliana Hinged-back tortoise 1 0/2 0/2 0/2 0/2
Tadarida condylura Angola free-tailed bat 1 1/2 1/2 2/2 1/1 1/1
Tadarida pumila Little free-tailed bat 1 1/1 1/1 1/1 0/1 1/2 0/2 0/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 0/1 1/1 0/4 0/5
Epomophorus wahlbergi Wahlberg’s epauletted fruit bat 1 0/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 0/1
Mastomys natalensis ss Multimammate mouse 1 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3 0/3
Mus musculus NIH mouse 1 1/1 0/1 0/1 1/1 0/1 1/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/2
Periplaneta americana American cockroach 2 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Austria agallia Leafhopper 50 0/1
Messor barbarus capensis Myrmicine ant 5 0/1 0/1 0/1
Stegodyphus dumicola Social spider 2 0/1 1/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 1/1
Alloporus sp. Millipede 1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Achatina sp. African landsnail 1 0/1 0/1 0/1

*Virus isolations/pools tested

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