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Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014

Research

Rotavirus Surveillance in Urban and Rural Areas of Niger, April 2010–March 2012

Anne-Laure PageComments to Author , Viviane Jusot, Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty, Lagare Adamou, Jérôme Kaplon, Pierre Pothier, Ali Djibo, Mahamane L. Manzo, Brahima Toure, Céline Langendorf, Jean-Marc Collard, and Rebecca F. Grais
Author affiliations: Epicentre, Paris, France (A.-L. Page, C. Langendorf, R.F. Grais); Epicentre, Niamey, Niger (V. Jusot, A.-A. Mamaty, B. Toure); Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire (CERMES), Niamey (L. Adamou, J.-M. Collard); University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France (J. Kaplon, P. Pothier); Ministry of Health, Niamey (A. Djibo, M.L. Manzo); Niamey University, Niamey (A. Djibo)

Main Article

Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical and treatment characteristics of children in a rotavirus surveillance study in Niamey and Maradi region, Niger, April 2010–March 2012*

Characteristic Total, 
N = 9,747 Children, by location
Niamey, 
n = 1,196 Maradi region, district
Maradi, 
n = 962 Madarounfa, 
n = 2,965 Aguie, 
n = 748 Guidan Roumdji, n = 3,876
Sex
F 4,329 (44.4) 481 (40.2) 442 (46.0) 1,401 (47.3) 309 (41.3) 1,696 (43.8)
M
5,416 (55.6)
715 (59.8)
518 (54.0)
1,564(52.8)
439 (58.7)
2,180 (56.2)
Age, mo, median (IQR)
9 (7–12)
9 (6–12)
9 (6–14)
9 (7–12)
8 (6–11)
10 (7–13)
Type of sample collected
Stool 6,765 (69.5) 678 (56.7) 749 (77.9) 2,224 (75.1) 665 (88.9) 2,449 (63.3)
Rectal swab
2,974 (30.5)
518 (43.3)
213 (22.1)
739 (24.9)
83 (11.1)
1,421 (36.7)
Clinical signs/symptoms
Severe dehydration 1,976 (20.3) 724 (60.5) 382 (39.8) 158 (5.3) 175 (23.4) 537 (13.9)
Fever 2,360 (24.2) 410 (34.3) 290 (30.2) 593 (20.0) 251 (33.6) 816 (21.1)
Vomiting
6,499 (66.8)
818 (68.6)
353 (36.7)
2,146 (72.5)
545 (72.9)
2,637 (68.3)
Severe Vesikari score rating 7,156 (73.5) 963 (80.6) 631 (65.7) 2,227 (75.2) 563 (75.5) 2,772 (71.7)
IV treatment received 1,392 (14.3) 599 (50.1) 577 (60.0) 56 (1.9) 29 (3.9) 131 (3.4)
Hospitalized 2,529 (26.0) 917 (76.7) 924 (96.2) 153 (5.2) 57 (7.6) 478 (12.3)
Enrolled in nutrition program 2,046 (21.0) 396 (33.2) 539 (56.0) 314 (11.0) 93 (12.4) 704 (18.2)
Died
255 (2.6)
119 (10.0)
48 (5.0)
50 (1.7)
16 (2.1)
22 (0.6)
*Data are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated. IQR, interquartile range; IV, intravenous.

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