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Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014

Research

Rotavirus Surveillance in Urban and Rural Areas of Niger, April 2010–March 2012

Anne-Laure PageComments to Author , Viviane Jusot, Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty, Lagare Adamou, Jérôme Kaplon, Pierre Pothier, Ali Djibo, Mahamane L. Manzo, Brahima Toure, Céline Langendorf, Jean-Marc Collard, and Rebecca F. Grais
Author affiliations: Epicentre, Paris, France (A.-L. Page, C. Langendorf, R.F. Grais); Epicentre, Niamey, Niger (V. Jusot, A.-A. Mamaty, B. Toure); Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire (CERMES), Niamey (L. Adamou, J.-M. Collard); University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France (J. Kaplon, P. Pothier); Ministry of Health, Niamey (A. Djibo, M.L. Manzo); Niamey University, Niamey (A. Djibo)

Main Article

Table 3

Number and percentage of rotavirus-positive study participants in a surveillance study in urban and rural areas of Niger, April 2010–March 2012

Variable Urban and rural, N = 9,747
Urban, n = 2,158*
Rural, n = 7,589†
No. positive/
no. total (%) 95% CI No. positive/
no. total (%) 95% CI No. positive/
no. total (%) 95% CI
All patients 2,982 (30.6) 29.7–31.5 509 (23.6) 21.8–25.4 2,473 (32.6) 31.5–33.6
Hospitalization status
Hospitalized 628/2,529 (24.8) 23.1–26.5 428/1,841 (23.2) 21.3–25.2 200/688 (29.1) 25.7–32.5
Not hospitalized 2,353/7,217 (32.6) 31.5–33.7 80/316 (25.3) 20.5–30.1 2,273/6,901 (32.9) 31.8–34.0
Dehydration status
Severe 491/1,976 (24.8) 22.9–26.8 230/1,106 (20.8) 18.4–23.2 261/870 (30.0) 27.0–33.0
Moderate 2,490/7,770 (32.0) 31.0–33.1 278/1,051 (26.5) 23.8–29.1 2,212/6,719 (32.9) 31.8–34.0
Nutrition program status
Enrolled 415/2,046 (20.3) 18.5–22.0 149/935 (15.9) 13.6–18.3 266/1,111 (23.9) 21.4–26.5
Not enrolled
2,564/7,687 (33.4)
32.3–34.4

359/1,221 (29.4)
26.8–32.0

2,205/6,466 (34.1)
32.9–35.3
Patients with stool sample tested 2,253/6,765 (33.3) 32.2–34.4 385/1,427 (27.0) 24.7–29.3 1,868/5,338 (35.0) 33.7–36.3
Hospitalization status
Hospitalized 456/1,669 (27.3) 25.2–29.5 336/1,274 (26.4) 24.0–28.8 120/395 (30.4) 25.8–34.9
Not hospitalized 1,796/5,095 (35.3) 33.9–36.6 48/152 (31.6) 24.2–39.0 1,748/4,943 (35.3) 34.0–36.7
Dehydration status
Severe 356/1,269 (28.1) 25.6–30.5 171/713 (24.0) 20.8–27.1 185/556 (33.3) 29.4–37.2
Moderate 1,896/5,495 (34.5) 33.2–35.8 213/713 (29.9) 26.5–33.2 1,683/4,782 (35.2) 33.8–36.5
Nutrition program status
Enrolled 265/1,235 (21.5) 19.2–23.7 111/613 (18.1) 15.1–21.2 154/622 (24.8) 21.4–28.2
Not enrolled 1,985/5,521 (36.0) 34.7–37.2 273/813 (33.6) 30.3–21.2 1,712/4,708 (36.4) 35.0–37.7

*Hospitals in Niamey and Maradi.
†Health centers in Madarounfa, Guidan Roumdji, and Aguie districts.

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