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Volume 20, Number 4—April 2014

Research

Novel Betacoronavirus in Dromedaries of the Middle East, 2013

Patrick C.Y. Woo1Comments to Author , Susanna K.P. Lau1, Ulrich Wernery, Emily Y.M. Wong, Alan K.L. Tsang, Bobby Johnson, Cyril C.Y. Yip, Candy C.Y. Lau, Saritha Sivakumar, Jian-Piao Cai, Rachel Y.Y. Fan, Kwok-Hung Chan, Ringu Mareena, and Kwok-Yung Yuen
Author affiliations: The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (P.C.Y. Woo, S.K.P. Lau, E.Y.M. Wong, A.K.L. Tsang, C.C.Y. Yip, C.C.Y. Lau, J.-P. Cai, R.Y.Y. Fan, K.H. Chan, K.-Y. Yuen); Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (U. Wernery, B. Johnson, S. Sivakumar, R. Mareena)

Main Article

Table 5

Estimates of nonsynonymous and synonymous substitution rates in the genomes of a novel betacoronavirus, DcCoV UAE-HKU23, discovered in dromedaries of the Middle East, 2013*

Gene Ka Ks Ka/Ks
NSP1 0 0.004 0
NSP2 0 0.002 0
NSP3 0.001 0.006 0.167
NSP4 0.001 0.007 0.143
NSP5 0.001 0.003 0.333
NSP6 0.001 0.003 0.333
NSP7 0 0 �?"
NSP8 0 0.016 0
NSP9 0 0 �?"
NSP10 0 0 �?"
NSP11 0 0 �?"
NSP12 0 0.002 0
NSP13 0 0.002 0
NSP14 0.001 0 �?"
NSP15 0.001 0 �?"
NSP16 0 0 �?"
NS2 0.001 0.008 0.125
HE 0.001 0.002 0.5
Spike 0.001 0.004 0.25
NS5 0 0.009 0
Envelope 0 0 �?"
Membrane 0 0 �?"
Nucleocapsid 0 0 �?"
N2 0 0 �?"

DcCoV, dromedary camel coronavirus; Ka, nonsynonymous site; Ks, synonymous site; NSP, nonstructural protein; NS, nonstructural; HE, hemagglutinin esterase; N, nucleocapsid.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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