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Volume 20, Number 5—May 2014

Research

Treatment Practices, Outcomes, and Costs of Multidrug-Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, United States, 2005–2007

Suzanne M. MarksComments to Author , Jennifer Flood, Barbara Seaworth, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Lori Armstrong, Sundari Mase, Katya Salcedo, Peter Oh, Edward A. Graviss, Paul W. Colson, Lisa Armitige, Manuel Revuelta, Kathryn Sheeran, and the TB Epidemiologic Studies Consortium
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S.M. Marks, L. Armstrong, S. Mase, TB Epidemiologic Studies Consortium); California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA (J. Flood, K. Salcedo, P. Oh); Texas Department of State Health Services, Tyler, Texas, USA (B. Seaworth, L. Armitige, K. Sheeran); University of Texas Health Science Center, Tyler (B. Seaworth, L. Armitige, K. Sheeran); ICAP/Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (Y. Hirsch-Moverman, P.W. Colson, M. Revuelta); Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, Texas, USA (E.A. Graviss)

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic characteristics of study participants and all patients with MDR and/or XDR TB, United States, 2005–2007*

Characteristic Study participants, no. (%), n = 135 All US MDR TB patients, no. (%), n = 370
Sex
M 68 (50) 205 (55)
F
67 (50)
164 (44)
Age, y
Median 38.2
0–14 1 (1) 13 (4)
15–24 24 (18) 64 (17)
25–44 62 (46) 171 (46)
45–64 40 (30) 91 (25)
>65
8 (6)
31 (8)
Race/ethnicity
Hispanic 42 (31) 100 (27)
White† 4 (3) 31 (8)
Black 14 (10) 63 (17)
Asian 72 (53) 173 (47)
Other/unknown
3 (2)
3 (1)
Geographic origin
Foreign born‡ 118 (87) 305 (82)
US born 17 (13) 64 (17)

*Study patients were from California, New York City, and Texas. MDR, multiple-drug resistant; XDR, extensively drug resistant; TB, tuberculosis.
†Statistically significant differences between percentages of study patients and all US MDR TB patients at p<0.05.
‡For 110 participants, median no. years after first entry into United States = 3.5.

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