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Volume 20, Number 5—May 2014

Dispatch

Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis Group A.I, United States

Dawn N. Birdsell, Anders Johansson, Caroline Öhrman, Emily Kaufman, Claudia Molins, Talima Pearson, Miklós Gyuranecz, Amber Naumann, Amy J. Vogler, Kerstin Myrtennäs, Pär Larsson, Mats Forsman, Andreas Sjödin, John D. Gillece, James Schupp, Jeannine M. Petersen, Paul Keim, and David M. WagnerComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA (D.N. Birdsell, E. Kaufman, T. Pearson, A. Naumann, A.J. Vogler, P. Keim, D.M. Wagner); Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden (A. Johansson); Swedish Defense Research Agency, Umeå (C. Öhrman, K. Myrtennäs, P. Larsson, M. Forsman, A. Sjödin); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (C. Molins, J.M. Petersen); Center for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (M. Gyuranecz); Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff (J. Gillece, J. Schupp, P. Keim)

Main Article

Table 1

Strains of Francisella tularensis subsptularensis used in study of geographic distribution of group A.I strains, United States*

Strain ID† Original strain ID‡ Original laboratory State/province of exposure Region§ Year CDC PFGE type¶ Subclade# Major group Subgroup
AR01-0903 AR01-0903 CDC AR C 2001 A1 A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
AR01-1117 AR01-1117 CDC AR C 2001 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
AR03-1002 AR03-1002 CDC AR C 2003 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
AR97-0782 AR97-0782 CDC AR C 1997 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
AR98-2146 AR98-2146 CDC AR C 1998 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
AR99-3840 AR99-3840 CDC AR C 1999 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
CA04-2148 CA04-2148 CDC CA W 1983 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
CA04-2149 CA04-2149 CDC CA W 2004 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
CA04-2258 CA04-2258 CDC CA W 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
CA95-1135 CA95-1135 CDC CA W 1995 A1 A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
DE03-1544 DE03-1544 CDC DE E 2003 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0003 FSC 043 FOI OH E 1941 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0005 FSC 041 FOI BC W 1935 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0008 FSC 046 FOI OH E 1940 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0061 KS00-0948 CDC KS C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0069 OK00-2731 CDC OK C 2000 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0071 OK00-2733 CDC OK C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0076 OK-ADA OKDH OK C 2000 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0077 OK-CAN OKDH OK C 1993 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0078 OK-CHK OKDH OK C 2000 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0079 OK-HUG OKDH OK C 1993 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0080 OK-OKL-1 OKDH OK C 1994 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.2/13/14/15
F0084 OK-TUL-2 OKDH OK C 1996 NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0085 OK-TUL-3 OKDH OK C 1993 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
F0244 83A-5698 CADH CA W 1983 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0246 93A-5254 CADH CA W 1993 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0272 92A-4575 CADH CA W 1992 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0276 94A-3325 CADH CA W 1994 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0281 MO01-2148 CDC MO C 2001 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0282 KS00-1817 CDC KS C 2000 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0287 AR99-3448 CDC AR C 1999 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0297 FSC 047 FOI AK W UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0298 FSC 052 FOI AK W UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0307 ND00-0952 CDC ND C 2000 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0308 MA01-2505 CDC MA E 1978 NA A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0312 CO99-1817 CDC CO W 1999 A1 A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0314 MO01-4055 CDC MO C 2001 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0315 MO01-1907 CDC MO C 2001 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0332 NY98-1732 CDC NY E 1998 A1b A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0347 GA02-5426 CDC MA E 1981 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0348 AR03-1800 CDC AR C 2003 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0357 SD97-2107 CDC SD C 1997 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0359 NC01-5379 CDC NC E 2001 A1b A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0368 KS03-2487 CDC KS C 2003 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0375 MO02-1911 CDC MO C 2002 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0379 PA03-3835 CDC PA E 2003 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0383 OSU-1 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0384 OSU-2 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0385 OSU-3 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
F0386 OSU-4 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0387 OSU-5 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0388 OSU-6 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0389 OSU-7 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
F0390 OSU-8 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0391 OSU-9 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0392 OSU-10 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0393 OSU-11 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0394 OSU-12 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0395 OSU-13 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0396 OSU-14 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0397 OSU-15 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0398 OSU-16 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0399 OSU-17 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0401 OSU-19 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0402 OSU-20 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0403 OSU-21 OSU OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0404 OKH-1 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0405 OKH-2 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.2/13/14/15
F0406 OKH-3 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0407 OKH-4 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0408 OKH-5 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0409 OKH-6 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0410 OKH-7 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0411 OKH-8 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0412 OKH-9 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0413 OKH-10 OSU/OKDH OK C UNK NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
F0414 NC-1 OSU NC E 1998 NA A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0415 NC-2 OSU NC E 1998 NA A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0685 80700069 LLNL UT W 2007 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
F0690 1100558 IAB AK W 2003 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0691 1133496 IAB AK W 2004 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0693 1211988 IAB AK W 2006 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.8/9/10
F0694 1211990 IAB AK W 2006 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.8/9/10
F0695 1213860 IAB AK W 2006 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0696 1213861 IAB AK W 2006 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0697 0916900084 IAB AK W 2009 NA A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0717**†† OK01-2528 CDC OK C 2001 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0718**†† MO02-4195 CDC MO C 2002 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0723**‡‡ MD00-2970 CDC DE E 2000 A1b A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
F0724**‡‡ MA00-2987 CDC MA E 2000 A1b A.I.4 A.I.3 A.I.4
GA00-3376 GA00-3376 CDC GA E 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.2/13/14/15
GA02-5347 GA02-5347 CDC MS C 1980 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5351 GA02-5351 CDC LA C 1981 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5353 GA02-5353 CDC TN E 1992 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5360 GA02-5360 CDC KY E 1973 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5373 GA02-5373 CDC NY E 1977 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
GA02-5381 GA02-5381 CDC AR C 1979 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.10/11
GA02-5386 GA02-5386 CDC OR W 1978 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5388 GA02-5388 CDC SD C 1985 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
GA02-5389 GA02-5389 CDC IA C 1979 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5390 GA02-5390 CDC MS C 1981 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5392 GA02-5392 CDC LA C 1983 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.15/16
GA02-5393 GA02-5393 CDC TN E 1980 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
GA02-5395 GA02-5395 CDC NE C 1982 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5403 GA02-5403 CDC OR W 1984 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
GA02-5404 GA02-5404 CDC GA E 1986 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
GA02-5406 GA02-5406 CDC DE E 1987 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.2/13/14/15
GA02-5407 GA02-5407 CDC AR C 1980 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5408 GA02-5408 CDC SD C 1983 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
GA02-5409 GA02-5409 CDC KS C 1980 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
GA02-5410 GA02-5410 CDC SD C 1984 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5412 GA02-5412 CDC TX C 1980 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5422 GA02-5422 CDC TX C 1983 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5425 GA02-5425 CDC GA E 1986 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5427 GA02-5427 CDC OH E 1986 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5428 GA02-5428 CDC MO C 1980 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
GA02-5435 GA02-5435 CDC LA C 1984 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.10/11
GA02-5441 GA02-5441 CDC LA C 1983 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5444 GA02-5444 CDC TX C 1980 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5445 GA02-5445 CDC TN E 1992 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.2/13/14/15
GA02-5446 GA02-5446 CDC NC E 1992 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
GA02-5449 GA02-5449 CDC TN E 1989 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5454 GA02-5454 CDC MO C 1987 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.10/11
GA02-5462 GA02-5462 CDC OK C 1984 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5465 GA02-5465 CDC IL C 1985 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5469 GA02-5469 CDC OK C 1981 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
GA02-5470 GA02-5470 CDC MO C 1981 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5476 GA02-5476 CDC KS C 1982 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5482 GA02-5482 CDC IN E 1981 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA02-5497 GA02-5497 CDC VA E 1982 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
GA02-5499 GA02-5499 CDC MD E 1982 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.3 A.I.4
GA02-5500 GA02-5500 CDC MO C 1982 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
GA02-5501 GA02-5501 CDC LA C 1982 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
GA02-5512 GA02-5512 CDC MA E 1981 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
GA99-2584 GA99-2584 CDC GA E 1999 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
F0719** AR00-0028 CDC AR C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0720** NE03-1457 CDC NE C 2003 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
F0721** IL00-4351 CDC IL C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0722** GA02-5383 CDC GA E 2002 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
F0725** MI01-2654 CDC MI E 2001 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0726** AK96-2888 CDC AK W 1996 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
F0727** OK00-2732 CDC OK C 2000 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.11
F0728** CO00-3111 CDC CO W 2000 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
F0729** NC98-3428 CDC NC E 1998 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.6
IA00-3490 IA00-3490 CDC IA C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
ID04-2686 ID04-2686 CDC ID W 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 Basal A.I.1/3/7
IL01-3022 IL01-3022 CDC IL C 2001 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
KS01-4799 KS01-4799 CDC KS C 2001 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.9
KS03-2455 KS03-2455 CDC KS C 2003 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
KS82-0004 KS82-0004 CDC KS C 1982 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
KS89-0548 KS89-0548 CDC KS C 1989 A1b A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
KY00-2794 KY00-2794 CDC KY E 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
LA95-0751 LA95-0751 CDC LA C 1995 A1 A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
MA04-2790 MA04-2790 CDC MA E 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
MD01-1249 MD01-1249 CDC MD E 2001 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
MD04-2528 MD04-2528 CDC MD E 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
NC05-1521 NC05-1521 CDC NC E 2005 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
NC98-3687 NC98-3687 CDC NC E 1998 A1 A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
ND00-1213 ND00-1213 CDC ND C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.16
ND01-1900 ND01-1900 CDC ND C 2001 A1a A.I.1/2 Basal A.I.1/3/7
NE82-0001 NB82-0001 CDC NE C 1982 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
NE88-5553 NB88-5553 CDC NE C 1988 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.8 A.I.10/11
NE95-1835 NE95-1835 CDC NE C 1995 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
NE97-2086 NE97-2086 CDC NE C 1997 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
NJ04-3009 NJ04-3009 CDC NJ E 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
NY04-2564 NY04-2564 CDC NY E 2004 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
NY96-3369 NY96-3369 CDC NY E 1996 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
OK82-0005 OK82-0005 CDC OK C 1982 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
PA84-0001 PA84-0001 CDC PA E 1984 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.13
SD00-3147 SD00-3147 CDC SD C 2000 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
SD04-0857 SD04-0857 CDC SD C 2003 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
TX05-5417 TX05-5417 CDC TX C 2005 A1b A.I.1/2 Basal A.I.1/3/7
UT07-4262 UT07-4262 CDC UT W 2007 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
UT07-4263 UT07-4263 CDC UT W 2007 A1a A.I.1/2 A.I.12 A.I.12/2
UT98-3134 UT98-3134 CDC UT W 1998 A1a A.I.SchuS4 A.I.12 A.I.14
VA00-1000 VA00-1000 CDC VA E 2000 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.5/6
VA00-2108 VA00-2108 CDC VA E 2000 A1 A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4
VA98-5912 VA98-5912 CDC VA E 1998 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.3/4/5
VA99-2600 VA99-2600 CDC VA E 1999 A1b A.I.1/2 A.I.3 A.I.4

*ID, identification; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Fort Collins, CO, USA); PFGE, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; C, central; W, western; E, eastern; FOI, Swedish Defence Research Agency (Umeå, Sweden); NA, not applicable; BC, British Columbia, Canada; OKDH, Oklahoma State Department of Health (Oklahoma City, OK, USA); CADH, California Department of Health Services (Richmond, CA, USA); OSU, Oklahoma State University (Stillwater, OK, USA); LLNL, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA, USA); IAB, Institute of Arctic Biology University of Alaska (Fairbanks, AK, USA).
†Strain ID from the Northern Arizona University (Flagstaff, AZ, USA) or CDC collections.
‡Strain ID from the originating laboratory.
§Region classification of state/province for genetic diversity calculation.
¶See (10).
#Canonical single nucleotide polymorphism subgroup as originally defined in (7,8). Names used here have been modified to conform to the nomenclature standard established in (14).
**Whole genome sequenced in this study.
††Mouse study; lower-virulence A.I strain (11).
‡‡Mouse study; higher-virulence A.I strain (11).

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