Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014

Dispatch

Geographic Distribution of MERS Coronavirus among Dromedary Camels, Africa

Chantal B.E.M. Reusken1Comments to Author , Lilia Messadi1, Ashenafi Feyisa1, Hussaini Ularamu1, Gert-Jan Godeke, Agom Danmarwa, Fufa Dawo, Mohamed Jemli, Simenew Melaku, David Shamaki, Yusuf Woma, Yiltawe Wungak, Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin, Ilse Zutt, Berend-Jan Bosch, Bart L. Haagmans, and Marion P.G. Koopmans
Author affiliations: Netherlands Centre for Infectious Disease Control, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (C.B.E.M. Reusken, G.-J. Godeke, I. Zutt, M.P.G. Koopmans); Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (C.B.E.M. Reusken, B.L. Haagmans, M.P.G. Koopmans); National Veterinary Medicine School, University of La Manouba, Sidi Thabet, Tunisia (L. Messadi, M. Jemli); Addis Ababa University College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Bishoftu, Ethiopia (A. Feyisa, F. Dawo, S. Melaku, E. Z. Gebremedhin); National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria (H. Ularamu, A. Danmarwa, D. Shamaki, Y. Woma, Y. Wungak); Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (B.-J. Bosch); 1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Main Article

Table 2

Background data and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus serology results of selected camel serum samples from Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Tunisia*

Country, Sample ID Region Age Sex MERS S1* (1:20) MERS S1 (1:320) MERS (1:640) VNT
Nigeria
1 Kano 7 M 63410 52,254 NT 640
2 Kano 2 F 63,022 10,998 4,585 320
3 Adamawa 6 M 63,146 41,200 20,627 1,280
4 Kano 2 M 63,213 63,331 63,353 1,280
5 Sokoto 2 F 63,123 8,215 80
6 Borno 7 M 63,173 13,873 7,471 160
7 Borno 6 F 63,065 63,065 NT 2,560
8 Sokoto 7 F 64,118 63,285 54,669 640
9 Borno 6 M 63,592 28,033 NT 80
10 Sokoto 6 F 64,176 63,427 35,190 640
11 Sokoto 2 F NT NT <20
12 Adamawa 7 M NT NT <20
13 Unknown 7 M NT NT <20
14
Kano
7
M

NT
NT
<20
Ethiopia
1 Somali 5 F 63,592 63,357 50,563 640
2 Afar 6 F 63,341 63,005 NT 2,560
3 Afar 13 F 63,366 63,205 63,467 1,280
4 Afar 10 F 63,206 63,299 NT 640
5 Afar 5 F 63,466 10,583 5,911 160
6 Fentale <4 M 63,408 63,480 60,135 1,280
7 Afar 4 F 63,476 33,909 19,161 80
8 Afar 4 F NT NT <20
9 Afar 2 M NT NT <20
10 Afar 1 F 10,937 NT NT <20
11 Afar 3 F 18,269 NT NT <20
12 Fentale >8 F 63,486 23,654 10,246 1,280
13 Afar 6 F 63,496 63,380 53,030 1,280
14
Afar
1
F
63,401
19,087
9,834
80
Tunisia
1 Sidi Bouzid 8 F NT NT <20
2 Sidi Bouzid 8 F 63,217 20,620 NT 80
3 Sidi Bouzid 6 F NT NT <20
4 Sidi Bouzid 1 M NT NT <20
5 Kebili 7 M 63,139 320
6 Kebili 4 M 63,113 160
7 Sidi Bouzid 1 M NT NT <20
8 Sidi Bouzid 9 F 63,005 17,821 9,652 80
9 Sidi Bouzid 6 F NT NT <20
10 Kebili 4 M 63,120 18,320 9,732 160
11 Sidi Bouzid <1 M NT NT <20
12 Sidi Bouzid 2 F 63,060 63,236 63,366 2,560
13 Sousse 13 F 63,220 50,510 26,575 320
14 Sidi Bouzid 5 F NT NT <20

*MERS S1, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus S1 micro-array. Serum dilutions tested 1:20, 1:320 or 1:640. Results expressed as relative mean fluorescent intensity (RFU) for each set of quadruplicate spots of antigen, with a cutoff of 4,000 RFU and >63.000 RFU as saturation signal; VNT, virus neutralization test (highest neutralizing serum dilution indicated); NT, not tested; –, negative.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

TOP