Volume 3, Number 3—September 1997
News and Notes
Guidelines for the Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Persons
The 1997 U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS)/Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for the prevention of opportunistic infections in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report June 27, 1997, (Vol. 46, No. RR-12) and will appear in other publications within the next few months. An editorial will be published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. An update of the 1995 version, the guidelines are intended for health-care providers of HIV-infected patients. They cover preventing exposure to opportunistic pathogens, using chemoprophylaxis or vaccination to prevent the first episode of disease, and preventing recurrence for 17 opportunistic infections or groups of opportunistic infections.
The guidelines, formulated by representatives of federal agencies, universities, professional societies, community health-care providers, and patient advocates, have been endorsed by USPHS, IDSA, The American College of Physicians, American Academy of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Society of Healthcare Epidemiologists of America, and National Foundation for Infectious Diseases.
Single copies of the guidelines are available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National AIDS Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 6003, Rockville, MD 20849-6003. Telephone: (800) 458-5231. The document (June 27, 1997, Vol. 46/No. RR-12) is also available on the Internet at http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/mmwr_rr.html .
Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A