Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998

Perspective

Risk for Transfusion-Transmitted Infectious Diseases in Central and South America

Gabriel A. Schmunis, Fabio Zicker, Francisco Pinheiro, and David Brandling-Bennett
Author affiliations: Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C., USA

Main Article

Table 1

Coverage of screeninga of blood donors and seroprevalence rates (per 1,000) of infectious diseases, by countryb

Country HIV
HBVc
HCV
Syphilis
T. cruzi
Cov.d
(%) Prev.e
(/103) Cov.
(%) Prev.
(/103) Cov.
(%) Prev.
(/103) Cov.
(%) Prev.
(/103) Cov.
(%) Prev.
(/103)
Bolivia 36.2 0.10 14.5 2.00 0 ?f 37.9 18.10 29.4 147.90
Chile 100 3.40 98.7 2.00 34.0 6.40 95.2 11.40 76.7 12.00
Colombia 98.8 2.00 98.3 7.00 24.7 9.00 87.3 13.00 1.4 12.00
Costa Rica 100 0.34 100 4.50 0 ? 100 5.00 0 ?
Ecuador 89.5 1.00 88.2 3.80 32.9 1.40 86.7 11.50 51.0 2.00
El Salvador 100 1.30 96.0 8.00 31.4 2.50 100 19.00 42.5 14.70
Guatemala 100 3.00 79.8 7.00 37.2 8.00 100 19.00 75.0 14.00
Honduras 100 3.90 83.5 2.70 27.8 0.50 100 7.00 100 12.40
Nicaragua 100 0.04 53.1 4.00 53.1 4.40 88.4 16.00 58.4 2.40
Paraguay 100 0.70 92.9 13.00 0 ? 66.9 28.00 86.8 45.00
Peru 100 2.80 100 8.60 57.4 4.40 100 9.60 0 23.60g
Venezuela 100 2.10 100 14.40 31.0 9.40 100 10.70 100 13.20

aCoverage of screening = (number of screened donors ÷ total number of donors) x 100.
bData as reported by the countries from 1993, except for Ecuador and Paraguay, which were for 1994.
cHBsAg only.
dCoverage.
ePrevalence.
fScreening not performed and prevalence not known.
gData from a survey of 2,237 samples.

Main Article

TOP