Volume 4, Number 2—June 1998
Wild Primate Populations in Emerging Infectious Disease Research: The Missing Link?
|Route of exchange||Pathogen||Direction of exchange||Evidencea||Reference|
|Animal bite||Herpes B||Nonhuman primate to human||E||6b|
|Monkeypox||Nonhuman primate to human||E||7|
|Fecal-oral||Poliovirus||Human to nonhuman primate||L||2b|
|Poliovirus||Chimpanzee to chimpanzee||E||8|
|Hunting, food prep & eating||Ebola||Nonhuman primate to human||E||9|
|Nasal secretions||Mycobacterium leprae||Among primates||P, L||10b|
|Respiratory droplet||Tuberculosis||Human to nonhuman primate||L||11b|
|Water-mediated||Dracunculiasis||Human to nonhuman primate||L||13|
|Schistosomiasis||Nonhuman primate to human||E||14|
|Xenotransplantation||SV40||Nonhuman primate to human||Ec||15b|
aL = laboratory; E = epidemiologic ; P = evidence that parasites live naturally in multiple primate hosts.
cThe only current evidence for xenotransplantation includes SV40 spread through vaccine production.
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