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Volume 4, Number 4—December 1998

Perspective

Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a Pandemic Disease

Charles R. VitekComments to Author  and Melinda Wharton
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Diphtheria incidence in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union, 1991—1996

Country Pop.(mil.) Cases (per 100,000)
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Russia 149.90 1,869 (1.25) 3,897 (2.60) 15,211 (10.15) 39,582 (26.41) 35,652 (23.78) 13,604 (9.08)
Kazakstan 17.46 30 (0.17) 45 (0.26) 82 (0.47) 489 (2.80) 1,105 (6.33) 455 (2.61)
Kyrgyzstan 4.7 10 (0.21) 4 (0.09) 6 (0.13) 299 (6.36) 693 (14.74) 412 (8.77)
Tajikistan 6.02 5 (0.08) 14 (0.23) 680 (11.30) 1,912 (31.76) 4,455 (74.00) 1,464 (24.32)
Turkmenistan 4.16 4 (0.10) 22 (0.53) 3 (0.07) 60 (1.44) 87 (2.09) 80 (1.92)
Uzbekistan 22.83 9 (0.04) 29 (0.13) 137 (0.60) 224 (0.98) 638 (2.79) 160 (0.70)
Central Asia 55.17 58 (0.11) 114 (0.21) 908 (1.65) 2,984 (5.41) 6,978 (12.65) 2,571 (4.66)
Armenia 3.74 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.03) 36 (0.96) 29 (0.78) 11 (0.29)
Azerbaijan 7.46 36 (0.48) 55 (0.74) 141 (1.89) 841 (11.27) 883 (11.84) 114 (1.53)
Georgia 5.49 7 (0.13) 3 (0.05) 28 (0.51) 294 (5.36) 419 (7.63) 346 (6.30)
Caucasus 16.69 43 (0.26) 58 (0.35) 170 (1.02) 1171 (7.02) 1,331 (7.97) 471 (2.82)
Ukraine 52.47 1,103 (2.10) 1,567 (2.99) 2,987 (5.69) 2,990 (5.70) 5,280 (10.06) 3,156 (6.01)
Moldova 4.36 14 (0.32) 22 (0.50) 35 (0.80) 376 (8.62) 418 (9.59) 97 (2.22)
Belarus 10.33 26 (0.25) 66 (0.64) 120 (1.16) 230 (2.23) 322 (3.12) 179 (1.73)
Western NIS 67.16 1,143 (1.70) 1,655 (2.46) 3,142 (4.68) 3,596 (5.35) 6,020 (8.96) 3,432 (5.11)
Estonia 1.57 7 (0.45) 3 (0.19) 11 (0.70) 7 (0.45) 19 (1.21) 14 (0.89)
Latvia 2.65 5 (0.19) 8 (0.30) 12 (0.45) 250 (9.43) 369 (13.92) 112 (4.23)
Lithuania 3.77 1 (0.03) 9 (0.24) 8 (0.21) 38 (1.01) 43 (1.14) 11 (0.29)
Baltics 7.99 13 (0.16) 20 (0.25) 31 (0.39) 295 (3.69) 431 (5.39) 137 (1.71)
All NIS 296.91 3,126 (1.05) 5,744 (1.93) 19,462 (6.55) 47,628 (16.04) 50,412 (16.98) 20,215 (6.81)

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