Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 4, Number 4—December 1998

Dispatch

Increasing Hospitalization and Death Possibly Due to Clostridium difficile Diarrheal Disease

Floyd Frost*Comments to Author , Gunther F. Craun†, and Rebecca L. Calderon‡
Author affiliations: *Southwest Center for Managed Care Research, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; †Gunther F. Craun and Associates, Staunton, Virginia, USA ; and ‡U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Age-adjusted death rates for bacterial causes of diarrhea

ICD9 0080-0084a
Remainder of bacterial causesb
Year AARATEc <45 yrsd >45 yrsd (Deaths) AARATE3 <45 yrsd >45 yrsd (Deaths)
1980 0.0102 0.0013 0.0090 ( 21) 0.0500 0.0133 0.0368 (107)
1981 0.0135 0.0035 0.0100 ( 29) 0.0559 0.0107 0.0453 (120)
1982 0.0107 0.0022 0.0085 ( 23) 0.0463 0.0087 0.0365 (100)
1983 0.0144 0.0040 0.0104 ( 32) 0.0426 0.0092 0.0334 ( 94)
1984 0.0101 0.0026 0.0075 ( 23) 0.0433 0.0068 0.0365 ( 98)
1985 0.0092 0.0016 0.0075 ( 21) 0.0587 0.0131 0.0456 (135)
1986 0.0119 0.0029 0.0090 ( 28) 0.0485 0.0108 0.0347 (105)
1987 0.0175 0.0029 0.0146 ( 41) 0.0506 0.0097 0.0409 (120)
1988 0.0241 0.0008 0.0232 ( 57) 0.0305 0.0071 0.0234 ( 74)
1989 0.0342 0.0016 0.0326 ( 83) 0.0465 0.0111 0.0354 (114)
1990 0.0520 0.0043 0.0478 (129) 0.0374 0.0070 0.0303 ( 93)
1991 0.0547 0.0027 0.0520 (139) 0.0254 0.0055 0.0190 ( 65)
1992 0.0821 0.0046 0.0775 (213) 0.0220 0.0049 0.0171 ( 57)

a Causes include Escherichia coli (0080), Arizona group (0081), Aerobacter aerogenes (Enterobacter) (0082), Proteus mirabilus and morganii (0083), other specified enteric bacterial infections (0084).
b Causes include cholera (001), typhoid and paratyphoid fever (002), other salmonella infections (003), shigellosis (004), bacterial enteritis, unspecified (0085), bacterial infection in conditions classified elsewhere (041).
c Age-adjusted death rates per 100,000 population, adjusted to the 1990 U.S. population.
d Contribution to age-adjusted death rate from persons younger than age 45 years and from persons age 45 years and older.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO