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Volume 5, Number 1—February 1999

Dispatch

Preventing Zoonotic Diseases in Immunocompromised Persons: The Role of Physicians and Veterinarians

Sara Grant and Christopher W. Olsen
Author affiliations: University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Survey of physicians

Questions Responses
How often do you encounter or discuss zoonotic diseases in your patient population?
1=Several times/day; 2=Daily; 3=Weekly; 4=Occasionally; 5=Never = 4.16a (±0.03)b
How comfortable do you feel in advising patients specifically on the animal aspects of transmission and the risks for zoonotic diseases?
1=Very comfortable to 5=Not comfortable = 3.69 (±0.05)
Should veterinarians be involved in advising clients about the potential for zoonotic disease?
1=Veterinarian should have primary responsibility; 3=Responsibility should be equal; 5= Physician should have primary responsibility = 2.77 (±0.05)
How involved should veterinarians be in the following areas in reducing transmission of zoonotic disease agents to immunocompromised patients, providing that client confidentiality is maintained?
1=Very involved to 5=Not involved
- General maintenance of animal health = 1.62 (±0.06)
- Additional zoonotic disease screening of animals = 1.78 (±0.06)
- Zoonoses education for patients = 2.08 (±0.06)
- Consultation for physicians = 2.12 (±0.06)
How often do veterinarians contact you regarding zoonotic diseases?
1=Several times/week; 2=Several times/month; 3=Several times/year; 4=Rarely; 5=Never = 4.74 (±0.03)
How often do you contact veterinarians for advice on the animal aspects of transmission and risks of zoonotic diseases?
1=Several times/week; 2=Several times/month; 3=Several times/year; 4=Rarely; 5=Never = 4.55 (±0.03)
How much risk to immunocompromised patients is associated with owning or having contact with the following animals?
1=Highest risk to 5=Lowest risk
- Bird = 2.37 (±0.07)
- Kitten (<6 months of age) = 2.47 (±0.08)
- Cat = 2.58 (±0.07)
- Reptile = 2.64 (±0.09)
- Farm animals = 2.94 (±0.08)
- Puppy (<6 months of age) = 3.28 (±0.08)
- Dog = 3.69 (±0.06)

aMean of all respondents.
b± Standard error of the mean.

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