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Volume 5, Number 3—June 1999

Research

Tuberculosis in the Caribbean: Using Spacer Oligonucleotide Typing to Understand Strain Origin and Transmission

Christophe Sola, Anne Devallois, Lionel Horgen, Jérôme Maïsetti, Ingrid Filliol, Eric Legrand, and Nalin RastogiComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur de Guadeloupe, Pointe à Pitre, Guadeloupe

Main Article

Table 2

Epidemiologic and clinical data for 410 tuberculosis (TB) cases reported to the health authorities from 1994 to 1996 in the French West Indies

Guadeloupe Martinique French Guiana Total
TB cases 136 89 185 410
Pleuropulmonnary cases 115 71 156 342
Total TB incidencea 11 8.2 40.6 14.20
Sex ratio 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.65
PDR to INH (%) 4.4 2.2 3.5 3.4
PDR to RIF (%) 1.4 - - -
Foreign-born TB patients (%) 24.5 20.3 68 43.2
TB-HIV coin-fection (%)b 28 19 25 24.6

aNew cases/100,000 inhabitants, 1994 to 1996.
bTotal number of known HIV-positive cases among TB patients was 101. However, foreign-born patients represented 50% of all the TB-HIV coinfected patients in Martinique, 60% in Guadeloupe, and 80% in French Guiana. The % shown is a minimal estimation as HIV serology results were available only for 49% of patients in Martinique, 75% in Guadeloupe, and 80% in French Guiana.PDR, primary drug resistance; INH, isoniazid; RIF, rifampin.

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