Volume 5, Number 3—June 1999
Tuberculosis in the Caribbean: Using Spacer Oligonucleotide Typing to Understand Strain Origin and Transmission
|Total TB incidencea||11||8.2||40.6||14.20|
|PDR to INH (%)||4.4||2.2||3.5||3.4|
|PDR to RIF (%)||1.4||-||-||-|
|Foreign-born TB patients (%)||24.5||20.3||68||43.2|
|TB-HIV coin-fection (%)b||28||19||25||24.6|
aNew cases/100,000 inhabitants, 1994 to 1996.
bTotal number of known HIV-positive cases among TB patients was 101. However, foreign-born patients represented 50% of all the TB-HIV coinfected patients in Martinique, 60% in Guadeloupe, and 80% in French Guiana. The % shown is a minimal estimation as HIV serology results were available only for 49% of patients in Martinique, 75% in Guadeloupe, and 80% in French Guiana.PDR, primary drug resistance; INH, isoniazid; RIF, rifampin.
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