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Volume 5, Number 3—June 1999

Research

Human Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis during a Raccoon Rabies Epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994

Jeffrey D. Wyatt*Comments to Author , William H. Barker*, Nancy M. Bennett†, and Cathleen A. Hanlon‡
Author affiliations: *University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA; †Monroe County Department of Health, Rochester, New York, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 2

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in New York State, 1993-94: urban and rural settingsa

Urban
Rural
All four counties
Animal sourceN (%)N (%)N (%)
Dogb137 (18)28 (7)165 (14)
Cat130 (17)75 (18)205 (17)
Other domestic speciesc5 (<1)15 (4)20 (2)
All domestic species272 (35)118 (28)390 (33)
Raccoon41 (45)248 (59)589 (50)
Bat (all species)41 (5)13 (1)54 (5)
Striped skunk29 (4)6 (<1)35 (3)
Fox 19 (3)9 (2)28 (2)
Other wild speciesd51 (4)26 (2)77 (7)
All wild species481 (65)302 (72)783 (67)
Total7534201,173
Rate per 100,000 pop.3212343

aCharacteristics of human rabies PEP cases reported to the health departments of the two relatively urbanized counties, Onondaga and Monroe, and the two relatively rural counties Cayuga and Wayne, during 1993 and 1994.
bp < 0.00. Human PEP rates due to dog exposures were significantly higher in urban counties.
cOther domestic species include 2 and 3 PEP cases due to cow and horse exposure in the urban counties and 10 and 5 cases due to cow and domestic rabbit exposure in the rural counties, respectively.
dOther wild species includes 17, 6, 4, 2, 2, and 1 PEP cases due to an unknown animal type, wild rodent (other than woodchuck), 4 Sika deer (exotic, captive species), opossum, coyote, and mink in the urban counties and 17 and 3 PEP cases due to an unknown animal type and wild rodent (other than woodchuck) in the rural counties, respectively

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