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Volume 5, Number 5—October 1999

Synopsis

Food-Related Illness and Death in the United States

Paul S. MeadComments to Author , Laurence Slutsker, Vance Dietz, Linda F. McCaig, Joseph S. Bresee, Craig Shapiro, Patricia M. Griffin, and Robert V. Tauxe
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 3

Estimated illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths caused by known foodborne pathogens, United States

 Illnesses
Hospitalizations
Deaths
Disease or agent Total Food-borne % of total
foodborne Total Food-
borne % of total
foodborne Food-
borne % of total
foodborne
Total
Bacterial
Bacillus cereus 27,360 27,360 0.2 8 8 0.0 0 0 0.0
Botulism, foodborne 58 58 0.0 46 46 0.1 4 4 0.2
Brucella spp. 1,554 777 0.0 122 61 0.1 11 6 0.3
Campylobacter spp. 2,453,926 1,963,141 14.2 13,174 10,539 17.3 124 99 5.5
Clostridium perfringens 248,520 248,520 1.8 41 41 0.1 7 7 0.4
Escherichia coli O157:H7 73,480 62,458 0.5 2,168 1,843 3.0 61 52 2.9
E. coli, non-O157 STEC 36,740 31,229 0.2 1,084 921 1.5 30 26 1.4
E. coli, enterotoxigenic 79,420 55,594 0.4 21 15 0.0 0 0 0.0
E. coli, other diarrheogenic 79,420 23,826 0.2 21 6 0.0 0 0 0.0
Listeria monocytogenes 2,518 2,493 0.0 2,322 2,298 3.8 504 499 27.6
Salmonella typhi 824 659 0.0 618 494 0.8 3 3 0.1
Salmonella, nontyphoidal 1,412,498 1,341,873 9.7 16,430 15,608 25.6 582 553 30.6
Shigella spp. 448,240 89,648 0.6 6,231 1,246 2.0 70 14 0.8
Staphylococcus food poisoning 185,060 185,060 1.3 1,753 1,753 2.9 2 2 0.1
Streptococcus, foodborne 50,920 50,920 0.4 358 358 0.6 0 0 0.0
Vibrio cholerae, toxigenic 54 49 0.0 18 17 0.0 0 0 0.0
V. vulnificus 94 47 0.0 86 43 0.1 37 18 1.0
Vibrio, other 7,880 5,122 0.0 99 65 0.1 20 13 0.7
Yersinia enterocolitica 96,368 86,731 0.6 1,228 1,105 1.8 3 2 0.1
Subtotal 5,204,934 4,175,565 30.2 45,826 36,466 59.9 1,458 1,297 71.7
Parasitic
Cryptosporidium parvum 300,000 30,000 0.2 1,989 199 0.3 66 7 0.4
Cyclospora cayetanensis 16,264 14,638 0.1 17 15 0.0 0 0 0.0
Giardia lamblia 2,000,000 200,000 1.4 5,000 500 0.8 10 1 0.1
Toxoplasma gondii 225,000 112,500 0.8 5,000 2,500 4.1 750 375 20.7
Trichinella spiralis 52 52 0.0 4 4 0.0 0 0 0.0
Subtotal 2,541,316 357,190 2.6 12,010 3,219 5.3 827 383 21.2
Viral
Norwalk-like viruses 23,000,000 9,200,000 66.6 50,000 20,000 32.9 310 124 6.9
Rotavirus 3,900,000 39,000 0.3 50,000 500 0.8 30 0 0.0
Astrovirus 3,900,000 39,000 0.3 12,500 125 0.2 10 0 0.0
Hepatitis A 83,391 4,170 0.0 10,841 90 0.9 83 4 0.2
Subtotal 30,833,391 9,282,170 67.2 123,341 21,167 34.8 433 129 7.1
Grand Total 38,629,641 13,814,924 100.0 181,177 60,854 100.0 2,718 1,809 100.0

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