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Volume 5, Number 5—October 1999

Research

The Economic Impact of Pandemic Influenza in the United States: Priorities for Intervention

Martin I. MeltzerComments to Author , Nancy J. Cox, and Keiji Fukuda
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 8

Setting vaccination priorities: Which age group or group at risk should be vaccinated first?

Criteria for prioritization
Priority Risk for deatha Total deathsb Returns due to vaccination
1 (top) High risk 65 + yrs High risk 20 - 64 yrs High risk 20 - 64 yrs
2 Not at high risk 65 + yrs High risk 65 + yrs High risk 0 - 19 yrs
3 High risk 0 - 19 yrs High risk 0 - 19 yrs Not at high risk 20 - 64 yrs
4 High risk 20 - 64 yrs Not at high risk, 65 + yrs Not at high risk 0 - 19 yrs
5 Not at high risk 20 - 64 yrs Not at high risk 20 - 64 yrs High risk 65 + yrs
6 (bottom) Not at high risk 0 - 19 yrs Not at high risk 0 - 19 yrs Not at high risk 65 + yrs

aPriorities set by risk for death are set according to lower-limit estimates of deaths per 1,000 population for each age and risk group.
bThe priority list using the total deaths criteria was set by examining the percentage of total deaths that each age and risk group contributed to the total deaths estimated due to a pandemic. The group with the highest percentage (i.e, contributes the largest number of deaths) is listed as having the highest priority.

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