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Volume 5, Number 6—December 1999

Research

Hantavirus Reservoir Hosts Associated with Peridomestic Habitats in Argentina

Gladys Calderón*Comments to Author , Noemí Pini*, Jorge Bolpe†, Silvana Levis*, James Mills‡, Elsa Segura*, Nadia Guthmann§, Gustavo Cantoni¶, José Becker*, Ana Fonollat#, Carlos Ripoll**, Marcelo Bortman‡‡, Rosendo Benedetti‡‡, Marta Sabattini§§, and Delia Enria*

Author affiliations: *Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui," ANLIS, "Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán," Pergamino, Buenos Aires, Argentina; †Departamento de Zoonosis Rurales de Azul, Azul, Buenos Aires, Argentina; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Universidad Nacional del Comahue, S.C. de Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina; ¶Consejo Provincial de Salud Pública, Rio Negro, Argentina; #Fundación Lillo, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina; **Departamento de Chagas y Patologías Regionales, San Salvador de Jujuy, Argentina; ††Subsecretaría de Salud, Neuquén, Argentina; ‡‡Zona Sanitaria Noroeste, Esquel, Chubut, Argentina; and the Hantavirus Study Group1

Main Article

Table 1

Relative density (as indicated by trap successa) for frequently captured rodent species in three hantavirus pulmonary syndrome-endemic zones in Argentina

Zone/trap nights Speciesb Site type/no.
DUc/1 PU/1 DR/2 PR/10 OU/1 OR/3 All sites/18
Northern Av 0 1.0 0 1.3 0.6 2.4 1.4
Cc 0.7 1.0 0 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.0
Och 0 1.0 0 0.8 0 0.1 0.7
Ol 0 0 0 0.8 0 0.3 0.6
As 0 0 2.6 0.5 0 0.1 0.5
Mm 0.7 0 0 <0.1 0 0.1 0.1
Rr 0 0 41.0 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.5
Trap nights 136 100 39 4,069 164 739 5,247
DU/10
PU/8
DR/5
PR/14
OU/3
OR/6
All sites/46
Central Aa 0 9.5 0 3.1 0 13.9 4.7
Of 0 1.1 0.4 4.6 0 4.2 3.8
Cm 0 0.4 0 0.5 0 3.5 0.8
Cl 0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0 0.3 0.4
Hb 0 0 0 0 0 1.7 0.2
Mm 1.7 5.9 0.4 1.2 6.0 0.1 1.5
Rr 0 0.1 0 0.1 0 <0.1 0.1
Trap nights 829 939 260 7,900 116 1,494 11,538
DU/7
PU/10
DR/5
PR/9
OU/8
OR/12
All sites/51
Southern Ol 1.6 0.2 0 6.1 0.8 5.4 3.2
Al 0 0.5 0 0.9 0.8 3.5 1.6
Ao 0 <0.1 0 1.0 <0.1 0.3 0.3
Mm 0.4 0.5 0 0.9 0 0.2 0.3
Trap nights 512 1,650 251 1,731 3,101 3,750 10,995

aNumber of captures per 100 trap nights, where a trap night is one trap for one night.
bAv, Akodon varius; Cc, Calomys callosus; Och, Oligoryzomys chacoensis; Ol, Oligoryzomys longicaudatus; As, Akodon spegazzinii; Mm, Mus musculus; Rr, Rattus rattus; Aa: Akodon azarae; Of, Oligoryzomys flavescens; Cm, Calomys musculinus;
Cl, Calomys laucha; Hb, Holochilus brasiliensis; Al, Abrothrix longipilis; Ao, Abrothrix olivaceus
cDU, domestic urban; PU, peridomestic urban; DR, domestic rural; PR, peridomestic rural; OU, other urban; OR, other rural.

Main Article

1Eduardo Herrera and Edmundo Larrieu, Consejo Provincial de Salud Pública, Rio Negro, Argentina; María Cacace, Hospital San Vicente de Paul, Orán, Salta, Argentina; Roberto Gonzalo, Ricardo Fernandez, Gustavo Martinez, and Alberto Suzzi, Zona Sanitaria Noroeste, Esquel, Chubut, Argentina.

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