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Volume 5, Number 6—December 1999

Research

Hantavirus Reservoir Hosts Associated with Peridomestic Habitats in Argentina

Gladys Calderón*Comments to Author , Noemí Pini*, Jorge Bolpe†, Silvana Levis*, James Mills‡, Elsa Segura*, Nadia Guthmann§, Gustavo Cantoni¶, José Becker*, Ana Fonollat#, Carlos Ripoll**, Marcelo Bortman‡‡, Rosendo Benedetti‡‡, Marta Sabattini§§, and Delia Enria*

Author affiliations: *Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas "Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui," ANLIS, "Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán," Pergamino, Buenos Aires, Argentina; †Departamento de Zoonosis Rurales de Azul, Azul, Buenos Aires, Argentina; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Universidad Nacional del Comahue, S.C. de Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina; ¶Consejo Provincial de Salud Pública, Rio Negro, Argentina; #Fundación Lillo, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina; **Departamento de Chagas y Patologías Regionales, San Salvador de Jujuy, Argentina; ††Subsecretaría de Salud, Neuquén, Argentina; ‡‡Zona Sanitaria Noroeste, Esquel, Chubut, Argentina; and the Hantavirus Study Group1

Main Article

Table 3

Antibody distribution in rodents, by province, species, and site category

Site zonea Province Immunoglobulin G antibodyb species (pos/tested) (%) Site categoryc
Northern Jujuy Oligoryzomys chacoensis 1/12 (8.3) PU
Salta O. chacoensis 1/27 (3.7) PR
Akodon varius 1/26 (3.8) PR
O. longicaudatus 2/26 (7.7) PR
Other species 0/239 (0.0)
Central Buenos Aires O. flavescens 8/170 (4.7) PR-OR
A. azarae 15/549 (2.7) PU-PR-OR
Entre Rios O. flavescens 11/243 (4.5) PR
H. brasiliensis 1/30 (3.3) PR
Other species 0/334 (0.0)
Southern Rio Negro O. longicaudatus 18/195 (9.2) PR-OR
Chubut O. longicaudatus 5/40 (12.5) PR-OR
Neuquén O. longicaudatus 4/88 (4.5) PR
Other species 0/180 (0.0)

aAnimals tested and found negative, by zone and species.
Northern:Akodon varius (48), A. boliviensis (1), A. albiventer (1), A. spegazzinii (26), Akodon sp. (10), Calomys callosus (53), C. laucha (2), Calomys sp. (1), Cavia aperea (3), Eligmodontia moreni (6), Galea musteloides (2), Graomys griseoflavus (2), Holochilus brasiliensis (1), H. chacarius (4), Mus musculus (5), Oligoryzomys flavescens (1), O. longicaudatus (8), Oligoryzomys sp. (10), Oxymycterus paramensis (5), Phillotys osilae (2), Rattus rattus (28), Rattus sp. (2), Thylamys elegans (5), and unidentified (13). Total (239).
Central: Calomys musculinus (94), C. laucha (40), Necromys benefactus (2), Oxymicterus rufus (9), Mus musculus (157), Rattus rattus (8), R. norvegicus (1), Cavia aperea (1), Monodelphia dimidiata (3), and unidentified (19). Total 334. Southern: Abrotrix longipilis (138), A. oliveceus (25), Mus musculus (12), Rattus rattus (1), Thylamys elegans (1), and unidentified (3). Total 180.
bEnzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using Sin Nombre virus antigen.
cPU, peridomestic urban; PR, peridomestic rural; OR, other rural. Seropositive animals were found only in these three site categories

Main Article

1Eduardo Herrera and Edmundo Larrieu, Consejo Provincial de Salud Pública, Rio Negro, Argentina; María Cacace, Hospital San Vicente de Paul, Orán, Salta, Argentina; Roberto Gonzalo, Ricardo Fernandez, Gustavo Martinez, and Alberto Suzzi, Zona Sanitaria Noroeste, Esquel, Chubut, Argentina.

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