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Volume 7, Number 3—June 2001

Research

Outbreak of Human Monkeypox, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1996 to 1997

Yvan J.F. Hutin*, R. Joel Williams*, Philippe Malfait†, Richard Pebody†, Vladamir N. Loparev*, Susan L. Ropp*, Mariangelli Rodriguez*, Janice C Knight*, Florimont K. Tshioko‡, Ali S Khan*, Mark V. Szczeniowski‡, and Joseph J. Esposito*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, Brussels, Belgium; ‡World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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Table 1

Exposure to wild animals reported by monkeypox case-patients according to history of exposure to another case-patient, Katako-Kombe Health zone, February 1996 to February 1997

Cases without exposure to other
case-patients during incubation
(N=23)
Cases with exposure to a
case-patient during incubation
(N=62)
 Exposures reported to occur usually on a monthly basis (#) (%) (#) (%) P value
Exposure to squirrels
Trapping 2 8.7 9 14.8 0.79
Exposure to raw meat 11 47.8 33 54.1 0.78
Eating 19 86.4 52 85.2 1.0
Exposure to monkeys
Trapping 1 4.3 4 6.6 1.00
Exposure to raw meat 16 69.6 34 55.7 0.36
Eating 21 91.3 58 95.1 0.61
Exposure to rats
Trapping 5 21.7 18 29.5 0.66
Exposure to raw meat 13 56.5 40 65.6 0.60
Eating 22 95.7 55 90.2 0.66
Exposure to porcupines
Trapping 1 4.3 3 4.9 1.00
Exposure to raw meat 12 52.2 24 39.3 0.41
Eating 22 95.7 42 68.9 0.02
Exposure to gazelles
Trapping 1 4.3 2 3.3 1.0
Exposure to raw meat 14 56.5 28 45.9 0.53
Eating 21 91.3 47 77.0 0.21

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