Volume 7, Number 7—June 2001
Cholera Outbreak in Southern Tanzania: Risk Factors and Patterns of Transmission
|Cases %||Controls exposed %||Matched|
|Risk factors||(No. =180)||(No.=360)||odds ratio||95% CIa||p-value|
|Attended funeral recently||6.2||2.2||2.7||1.1 - 6.8||0.03|
|Attended party recently||2.8||4.7||0.6||0.2 - 1.7||0.33|
|Travel in the past 2 weeks||19.0||13.6||1.5||0.9 - 2.5||0.10|
|Standard of living|
|Mud housingb||48.0||36.0||1.7||1.2 - 2.5||0.01|
|Non iron sheet roof||55.6||39.2||2.0||1.4 - 2.8||0.00|
|No latrine at home||56.6||9.8||11.4||6.3 -20.5||0.00|
|Simple pit latrinec||91.4||81.2||2.7||1.4 - 5.1||0.001|
|>10 minutes to water source||26.1||11.4||2.8||1.7 - 4.6||0.00|
|Unboiled drinking water||86.7||79.2||1.9||1.1 - 3.2||0.02|
|Unfiltered drinking water||89.4||84.2||1.7||0.9 - 3.0||0.07|
|River bathing||56.6||9.8||11.4||6.3 -20.5||0.00|
|Inside tap waterd||18.9||9.4||3.0||1.7 - 5.1||0.00|
|Other source waterd||18.3||7.5||3.7||2.0 - 6.7||0.00|
|Dried fish||52.5||7.2||13.0||7.3 -23.3||0.00|
|Prawns||13.9||5.0||3.1||1.6 - 5.9||0.00|
|Uncooked vegetables||25.1||20.1||1.3||0.9 - 2.0||0.20|
|Fruits||32.4||30.4||1.1||0.7 - 1.6||0.60|
|Religione||41.2||23.1||2.3||1.1 - 3.4||0.00|
aCI = confidence interval.
bCompared with brick houses.
cCompared with ventilated improved pit latrines.
dCompared with hand-pumped drinking water.
eMuslims (compared with other religions, including Catholics, Protestants, and others).
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- Page last reviewed: April 27, 2012
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
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