Monitoring Antimicrobial Use and Resistance: Comparison with a National Benchmark on Reducing Vancomycin Use and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci
Scott K. Fridkin*, Rachel Lawton*, Jonathan R. Edwards*, Fred C. Tenover*, John E. McGowan†, Robert P. Gaynes*, and the Intensive Care Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology (ICARE) Project, and the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Hospitals
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Figure 2. . Difference (postintervention period minus pre-intervention) in rate of vancomycin use and prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) (%) in 35 intensive-care units (ICUs) testing >10 clinical isolates of Enterococci spp., Project Intensive Care Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology (ICARE), January 1996–July 1999. Squares represent ICUs reporting a prescriber practice change targeted in the specific ICUs (i.e., ICU-specific practice change). DDD, defined daily doses.
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