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Volume 8, Number 8—August 2002

Synopsis

Worldwide Occurrence of Beijing/W Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A Systematic Review

Judith R. Glynn*Comments to Author , Jennifer Whiteley*, Pablo J. Bifani†, Kristin Kremer, and Dick van Soolingen
Author affiliations: *London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; †Institut Pasteur de Lille, France; and ‡National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands;

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Table 1

Prevalence of Beijing family strains in studies that have used spoligotypinga

Reference Setting Yrs Population New TB or new + old Prevalence Beijing strain N/N (%)
Asia
12 Beijing and Hebei province, China 1956–1960 Stored lung biopsy samples from pneumonectomies ? Both 9/10 (90)
1969–1970 8/9 (89)
1979–1980 18/18 (100)
1989–1990 10/12 (83)
1956–1990 45/49 (92)
4 Beijing, China 1992–1994 ? selection method ? Both 45/49 (92)
13 Hong Kong 1998–1999 Random sample ? New 337/500 (67)
14 Ho Chi Minh City, and Hanoi, Vietnam 1998–1999 ? All patients New 301/563 (53)
15 Bangkok, Thailand 1999–2000 One hospital
? selection method ? Both 90/204 (44)
8 Jakarta, Indonesia 1998–1999 Consecutive patients one clinic ? Both 31/92 (34)
Africa
16 Senegal 1994–1995 ? selection method (all Beijing were relapses) Both 8/69 (12)
Middle East
17 Fars Province and Tehran, Iran 1995–1996 All from Shiraz;
? random for others Both 10/97 (10)
Europe
11 Northwest region, Russia 1997–1998 ? selection method Both 22/100 (22)
10 Azerbaijan 1995–1996 Prison
? selection method Both 46/65 (71)
18 Estonia 1994 Two hospitals, pulmonary TB New 61/209 (29)
4 Netherlands 1993–1994 Whole population Both 82/2594 (3)
19 Gran Canaria, Spain 1991–1992 Whole island ? Both 0/85 (0)
1993 10/179 (5.5)
1994 12/148 (8.1)
1995 18/110 (16)
1996 35/129 (27)
1999 9/40 (23)
USA
9 New Jersey 1996–1998 Whole population Both 68/1,207 (6)
20 Houston, Texas 1994–1999 Whole population ? Both 326/1,283 (25)
Caribbean
21 Cuba, outside Havana 1994–1995 Whole population ? Both 20/157 (13)
22 Guadeloupe 1994–1996 Whole island ? Both 1/95 (1)
22 Martinique 1995–1996 Whole island ? Both 0/31 0
South America
22 French Guiana 1995–1996 Whole country ? Both 0/76 0

aN/N, number with Beijing strain/ total number of patients; ?, not clear from report.

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