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Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003

Research

Viral Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in Europe, 1995–2000

Ben Lopman*†Comments to Author , Mark Reacher*, Yvonne van Duijnhoven‡, François-Xavier Hanon§, David Brown†, and Marion Koopmans‡1
Author affiliations: *Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England; †Central Public Health Laboratory, London, England; ‡National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), The Netherlands; §Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

Main Article

Table 3

Reported outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis, European surveillance, 1995–2000

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Total
All viral organisms Rotavirusa Norovirusa 1995–2000
Denmark



9
11
17
0
17 (100)
37
England and Wales
392
352
151
219
239
290
13 (4)
273 (96)
1,643
Finland


5
27
35
58
1 (2)
56 (97)
125
France
4
9
7
8
19
28
1 (14)b
5 (71)b
43
Germany


1
53
145
227
0
227(100)
426
Italy
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2 (100)
2
Slovenia
8
6
8
4
5
14
8 (57)
6 (43)
45
Spain
37
24
25
29
66
55
6 (43)c
8 (57)c
236
Sweden
81
130
130
130d
190d
195d

190 (97)
856
the Netherlands 25 69 54 36 58 59 5 (13)e 32 (84)e 301

aNumber of outbreaks attributed to organism (percentage of year 2000 outbreaks).
bBased on seven laboratory-confirmed viral outbreaks.
cBased on 14 laboratory-confirmed viral outbreaks.
dApproximate figures.
eBased on 38 laboratory-confirmed viral outbreaks.

Main Article

1On behalf of the Foodborne Viruses in Europe group, which includes: the Netherlands: M. Koopmans, H. Vennena, Y. van Duynhoven, and M.A. Widdowson,; Finland: K.-H. von Bonsdorff, L. Maunula; Denmark: B. Böttiger, K. Mølbak, F.X. Hanon; Sweden: L. Svensson, K.-O. Hedlund, Maria Thorvag, Juan Carrique-Mas; United Kingdom: D. Brown, M. Reacher, J. Green, B. Lopman; Germany: E. Schreier, H. Gelderblom, Andrea Ammon; Spain: A. Sanchez-Faquier, G. Hernández-Pezzi, A. Bosch, J. Buesa; France: F. LeGuyader, P. Pothier, E. Kohli; Italy: F. Ruggeri, D. DeMedici; and Slovenia: M. Poljsak-Prijatelj, A. Hocevar-Grom.

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