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Volume 9, Number 10—October 2003

Perspective

Syndromic Surveillance and Bioterrorism-related Epidemics

James W. Buehler*Comments to Author , Ruth L. Berkelman*, David M. Hartley†, and Clarence J. Peters‡
Author affiliations: *Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; ‡University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Outcome of initial contact with health care for anthrax-related illness and timing of anthrax diagnosis, 11 patients with inhalational anthrax, 2001a

Disposition after initial medical care No. of patients
Admitted to hospital
7
          Discharged home from ER, subsequent hospital admission
2
          Discharged home from outpatient provider, subsequent hospital admission
2
Total
11


Anthrax diagnosis

          Blood or CSF culture on hospital admission, presumptive diagnosis <24 h
7
          Blood culture from preceding ER visit, patient recalled for admission
1
          Prior antibiotic therapy; clinical suspicion of anthrax; specialized test required to establish diagnosis
3
          Total 11

aER, emergency room; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid.

Main Article

1For interval calculations, if reported event dates were discrepant in different case reports, dates reported by Jernigan et al. (13) were used.

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