Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 9, Number 11—November 2003

Research

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Transmission and Risk Factors of Contacts, Uganda1

Paolo Francesconi*, Zabulon Yoti†, Silvia Declich*Comments to Author , Paul Awil Onek‡, Massimo Fabiani*, Joseph Olango‡, Roberta Andraghetti*, Pierre E. Rollin§, Cyprian Opira†, Donato Greco*, and Stefania Salmaso*
Author affiliations: *Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy; †St. Mary’s Hospital Lacor, Gulu, Uganda; ‡Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda; §Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Univariate analysis of risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever among a population of 83 contacts, Gulu, Uganda, 2000

Risk factors No. of cases (%) Crude PPR (95% CI)a p value
Demographic characteristics



Sex



Male
6 (18.2)
1

Female
14 (28.0)
1.54 (0.66 to 3.60)
0.446
Age group (y)



<30
9 (20.5)
1

>30
11 (28.2)
1.38 (0.64 to 2.97)
0.571
Direct transmission



Touched sick person



No
1 (7.7)
1

Yes
19 (27.1)
3.53 (0.52 to 24.11)
0.173
Touched body of deceased person



No
9 (17.6)
1

Yes
11 (34.4)
1.95 (0.91 to 4.17)
0.141
Contact with body fluids



No
5 (9.4)
1

Yes
15 (50.0)
5.30 (2.14 to 13.14)
< 0.001
Indirect transmission



Shared meals



No
14 (20.6)
1

Yes
6 (40.0)
1.94 (0.89 to 4.22)
0.178
Washed clothes



No
9 (18.8)
1

Yes
11 (31.4)
1.68 (0.78 to 3.60)
0.283
Slept in the same hut/on the same mat



No
9 (16.4)
1

Shared only the hut
6 (35.3)
2.16 (0.90 to 5.19)

Shared also the same mat
5 (45.5)
2.78 (1.15 to 6.70)
0.019 (for trend)
Ritual handwashing during funeral



No
13 (19.4)
1

Yes
7 (43.7)
2.25 (1.08 to 4.72)
0.054
Communal meal during funeral



No
9 (15.5)
1

Yes 11 (44.0) 2.84 (1.35 to 5.98) 0.012

aPPR, prevalence proportion ratios; CI, confidence interval.

Main Article

1This paper is dedicated to Dr. Matthew Lukwiya, Medical Superintendent of St. Mary’s Hospital Lacor, and the other health staff who contracted and died of Ebola while taking care of hospital patients.

TOP