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Volume 9, Number 12—December 2003

Dispatch

Human Metapneumovirus and Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Brazil

Luis E. Cuevas*Comments to Author , Abubaker M. Ben Nasser*, Winifred Dove†, Ricardo Q. Gurgel‡, Julie Greensill*, and C. Anthony Hart†
Author affiliations: *Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom; †University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; ‡Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil

Main Article

Table

Characteristics of children with human metapneumovirus (HMPV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and RSV/HMPV co-infectionsa

Characteristics HMPV RSV RSV/HMPV co-infection HMPV/RSV negative

n = 19
n = 53
n = 8
n = 31
Age in mo, mean (SD)
10.1 (5.4)
8.9 (7.2)
8.2 (6.0)
9.8 (7.7)
Recruitment siteb




Health center
12 (21)
23 (40.3)
6 (10.5)
16 (28.1)
Private hospital
6 (20.7)
13 (44.8)
2 (6.9)
8 (27.6)
Public hospital
1 (4)
17 (68)
0 (0)
7 (28)
Male:female (% male)
12:7 (63)
36:17 (68)
4:4 (50)
21:10 (68)
Birthweight <2,500 g
4 (21)
2 (4)
0 (0)
2 (6.5)
Previous admission
2 (10)
7 (13)
3 (38)
1 (3)
History of allergies
2 (11)
6 (11)
1 (13)
4 (13)
Clinical signs and symptoms




Respiratory rate, mean (SD)
44 (10.1)
51 (12.3)c
54 (16.2)
46 (10.1)
Temperature >37.5°C
15 (79)
43 (81)
8 (100)
23 (74)
Runny nose
18 (95)
45 (85)
6 (75)
26 (84)
Cyanosis
0 (0)
4 (7.5)
0 (0)
2 (6.5)
Cough
19 (100)
53 (100)
8 (100)
31 (100)
Wheezing
9 (47.4)
31 (58.5)
2 (25%)
19 (61.3)
Chest indrawings
4 (21)
19 (36)
3 (37.5)
8 (25.8)
pO2 <90%
1 (5.3)
10 (18.9)
0 (0)
1 (3.2)
pO2 <94%c 5 (26.3) 25 (47.2) 5 (62.5) 9 (29)

aFigures are frequencies (%), unless otherwise specified.
bHealth centers vs. public hospital, p < 0.01. Percentages are row percentages.
cp < 0.05.

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