Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 9, Number 3—March 2003

Research

Experimental Infection of North American Birds with the New York 1999 Strain of West Nile Virus

Nicholas Komar*Comments to Author , Stanley Langevin*, Steven Hinten*, Nicole Nemeth*†, Eric Edwards*†, Danielle L. Hettler*†, Brent S. Davis*, Richard A. Bowen†, and Michel L. Bunning*‡
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; †Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; ‡Office of the Surgeon General, United States Air Force, Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, D.C., USA

Main Article

Table 1

Classification, sample sizes, types of transmission studies and sources for 25 species of birds infected experimentally with West Nile virus

Common name Latin name Family Order No.
used Transmission
trialsa Source
type
Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
Anatidae
Anseriformes
3
M
Wild
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
Anatidae
Anseriformes
3
M, C
Commercial
American Kestrel
Falco sparverius
Falconidae
Falconiformes
5
M, O
Rehabilitator
Northern Bobwhite
Colinus virginianus
Odontophoridae
Galliformes
6
M, C, O
Commercial
Japanese Quail
Coturnix japonicus
Odontophoridae
Galliformes
6
M, C, O
Commercial
Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
Phasianidae
Galliformes
3
M
Commercial
American Coot
Fulica americana
Rallidae
Gruiformes
2
M, C
Wild
Killdeer
Charadrius vociferus
Charadriidae
Charadriiformes
2
M
Wild
Ring-billed Gull
Larus delawarensis
Laridae
Charadriiformes
7
M, C
Wild
Mourning Dove
Zenaida macroura
Columbidae
Columbiformes
6
M, C, O
Wild
Rock Dove
Columba livia
Columbidae
Columbiformes
12
M, C
Commercial
Monk Parakeet
Myiopsitta monachus
Psittacidae
Psittaciformes
6
M, C, O
Commercial
Budgerigar
Melopsittacus undulatus
Psittacidae
Psittaciformes
6
M, C, O
Commercial
Great Horned Owl
Bubo virginianus
Strigidae
Strigiformes
2
M, O
Rehabilitator
Northern Flicker
Colaptes auratus
Picidae
Piciformes
5
M, O
Wild
Blue Jay
Cyanocitta cristata
Corvidae
Passeriformes
6
M, C
Wild
Black-billed Magpie
Pica hudsonia
Corvidae
Passeriformes
8
M, C, O
Wild
American Crow
Corvus brachyrhynchos
Corvidae
Passeriformes
22
M, C, O
Wild
Fish Crow
Corvus ossifragus
Corvidae
Passeriformes
20
M, C, O
Wild
American Robin
Turdus migratorius
Turdidae
Passeriformes
6
M, C, O
Wild
European Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnidae
Passeriformes
8
M, C
Wild
Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius phoeniceus
Icteridae
Passeriformes
4
M
Wild
Common Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula
Icteridae
Passeriformes
12
M, C, O
Wild
House Finch
Carpodacus mexicanus
Fringillidae
Passeriformes
3
M, C, O
Wild
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Passeridae Passeriformes 15 M, C, O Wild

aM, mosquito-exposed; C, contact-exposed; O, orally exposed.

Main Article

TOP