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Volume 9, Number 4—April 2003

Research

Risk for Severe Group A Streptococcal Disease among Patients’ Household Contacts

Katherine A. Robinson*Comments to Author , Gretchen Rothrock†‡, Quyen N. Phan§, Brenda Sayler, Karen Stefonek#, Chris Van Beneden*, Orin S. Levine*, and for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance/Emerging Infections Program Network
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †California Department of Health Services, Oakland, California, USA; ‡University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; §Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; Minnesota Department of Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; #Oregon Department of Human Resources, Portland, Oregon, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Confirmed and probable subsequent invasive group A streptococcus disease case-pairs, Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs)a

Case-pair status Case status ABCs area Sex Age 
(in y) Interval (d) Diagnosis GAS culture results Underlying condition Hospitalized?
Confirmed
Index
CA
Female
76

Cellulitis
Blood +
COPD, CHF
Yes
Household Contact
Male
69
15
Necrotizing fasciitis
Tissue +
Blood –
Venous insufficiency
Yes
Probable Index
CT Female
0

Bacteremia
Blood +
None
Yes
Household contact Male 39 19 Erysipelas Blood – None Yes

aGAS, group A streptococcus; Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs); CA, California; CT, Connecticut; +, positive; –, negative; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CHF, congestive heart failure.

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