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Volume 9, Number 4—April 2003

Research

Molecular Epidemiology of Human Enterovirus 71 Strains and Recent Outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific Region: Comparative Analysis of the VP1 and VP4 Genes

Mary Jane Cardosa*Comments to Author , David Perera*, Betty A. Brown†, Doosung Cheon‡, Hung Ming Chan*, Kwai Peng Chan§, Haewol Cho‡, and Peter McMinn¶
Author affiliations: *Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia; †Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡National Institute of Health, Seoul, Korea; §Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; ¶Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Main Article

Table 3

Summary of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) genotypes circulating in the Asia-Pacific region since 1997a

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Singapore
B3, B4
B3, C1
B3
B4
B4
C1, B4
Sarawak, Malaysia
B3
C1
No HEV71
B4, C1
No HEV71
C1
Perth, Australia
-
-
B3, C2
C1
No HEV71
No HEV71
Japan
B3, B4, C2
-
-
-
-
-
Taiwan
-
C2, B4
B4
B4
-
-
Korea - - - C3 No HEV71 No HEV71

aBoldface type indicates genogroups causing large outbreaks; –, no data available; No HEV71, no HEV71 identified despite active surveillance.

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