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Volume 9, Number 4—April 2003

Dispatch

Fear of Bioterrorism and Implications for Public Health Preparedness

Mark S. Dworkin*Comments to Author , Xinfang Ma*, and Roman G. Golash*
Author affiliations: *Illinois Department of Public Health, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Results of 1,364 environmental specimens submitted to the Illinois Department of Public Health Division of Laboratories (Chicago laboratory) for Bacillus anthracis testing, October–December 2001

Organism Powder (%) Nonpowder (%)
Total
573 (42.0)
791 (58.0)
B. cereus
110 (19.2)
63 (8.0)
B. subtilis
29 (5.1)
32 (4.0)
Other Bacillus species (hemolytic, positive motility)
21 (3.7)
40
B. mycoides
16 (2.8)
6
B. circulans
10 (1.7)
4
B. pumilus
2 (0.3)
5
B. brevis
1 (0.2)
1
B. laterosporus
0
1
B. megaterium
0
1
B. polymyxa
0
1
B. anthracis
0
0
Staphylococcus species (nonhemolytic)
137 (23.9)
180
Staphylococcus aureus
3 (0.5)
5
Other mixed gram-positive organisms
48 (8.3)
68
Gram-negative bacilli
80 (14.0)
72
Enterobacter agglomerans
1 (0.2)
0
Moraxella catarrhalis
1 (0.2)
0
Mixed other gram-positive organisms and mold
8 (1.4)
11
Mold
19 (3.3)
32
No growth 87 (15.2) 269

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