Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 9, Number 7—July 2003

Dispatch

Serologic Evidence of West Nile Virus Transmission, Jamaica, West Indies

Alan P. Dupuis*Comments to Author , Peter P. Marra†, and Laura D. Kramer*
Author affiliations: *New York State Department of Health, Slingerlands, New York, USA; †Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Ninety percent plaque reduction neutralization titers to West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, and Ilhéus virus in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay reactive bird specimensa

Field site Species ILHV SLEV WNV Interpretation
Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica
White-chinned thrush
(Turdus aurantius)b
40
80
640
WNV
White-chinned thrush
(T. aurantius)b
<40
<40
320
WNV
Jamaican elaenia (Myiopagis cotta)b
<40
160
640
WNV
Bananaquit
(Coereba flaveola)b
<40
80
160
Flavivirus
Loggerhead kingbird
(Tyrannus caudifasciatus)b
<40
<40
320
WNV
Bananaquit (C. flaveola)b
<40
<40
160
WNV
White-chinned thrush
(Turdus aurantius)b
<40
40
>1,280
WNV
Bananaquit (C. flaveola)b
<40
<40
80
WNV
Northern mockingbird
(Mimus polyglottos)b
<40
<40
320
WNV
Caribbean dove
(Leptotila jamaicensis)b
<40
>1,280
80
SLEV
Jamaican elaenia
(Myiopagis cotta)b
<40
<40
160
WNV
Bananaquit (C. flaveola)b
<40
40
80
Flavivirus
White-chinned thrush
(Turdus aurantius)b
<40
40
640
WNV
Jamaican elaenia
(Myiopagis cotta)b
<40
80
<40
SLEV
Common ground-dove
(Columbina passerina)b
<40
<40
160
WNV
Caribbean dove
(Leptotila jamaicensis)b
<40
<40
<40
Negative
Black-faced grassquit
(Tiaris bicolor)b
<40
<40
320
WNV
Jamaican vireo
(Vireo modestus)b
<40
<40
80
WNV
Manchester Parish (site 1), Jamaica
Caribbean dove
(Leptotila jamaicensis)b
<40
<40
80
WNV
Manchester Parish (site 2), Jamaica
Black-faced grassquit
(Tiaris bicolor)b
<40
<40
160
WNV
Jamaican oriole
(Icterus leucopteryx)b
<40
160
>1,280
WNV
White-eyed thrush
(Turdus jamaicensis)b
<40
<40
320
WNV
Orangequit
(Euneornis campestris)b
<40
<40
40
Flavivirus
St. Catherine Parish, Jamaica
Greater Antillean grackle
(Quiscalus niger)b
40
160
160
Flavivirus
Loggerhead kingbird
(Tyrannus caudifasciatus)b
80
320
320
Flavivirus
Golden warbler
(Dendroica petechia sp. )c
<40
80
<40
SLEV
Northern waterthrush
(Seiurus noveboracensis)d
<40
40
320
WNV
Yucatan State, Mexico
Caribbean dove
(Leptotila jamaicensis)b
<40
>=1280
80
SLEV
Yellow warbler
(Dendroica petechia)d
<40
40
320
WNV
Roosevelt Roads Naval Station, Puerto Rico Prairie warbler
(Dendroica discolor)d
<40
<40
<40
Negative
Golden warbler
(Dendroica petechia sp. )c
<40
<40
<40
Negative
Pearly-eyed thrasher
(Margarops fuscatus)b
<40
<40
<40
Negative
Caribbean elaenia
(Elaenia martinica)b
<40
80
<40
SLEV
Black and white warbler
(Mniotilta varia)c <40 40 >1,280 WNV

aILHV, Ilhéus virus; SLEV, St. Louis encephalitis virus; WNV, West Nile virus.
bResident bird.
cResident yellow warbler subspecies.
dMigrant bird.

Main Article

TOP