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Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Antibiotic Use in Hispanic Households, New York City

Elaine Larson*†Comments to Author , Susan X. Lin*, and Cabilia Gomez-Duarte*
Author affiliations: *Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, New York, USA; †Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of 2,743 Hispanic household members

Characteristic Survey 1
Jan. 4, 1999 (%) Survey 2
Oct. 2000–Feb. 2001 (%) Total
Sex
Female
Male
Unknown
914 (57.6)
672 (42.4)
629 (54.4)
528 (45.6)
1543 (56.3)
1200 (43.7)
0
Age (y)
0–5
6–10
11–19
20–35
36–45
46–60
>60
Unknown
405 (25.6)
228 (14.4)
208 (13.1)
414 (26.1)
196 (12.4)
111 (7.0)
23 (1.7)
1 (0.06)
347 (30.0)
130 (11.2)
119 (10.3)
335 (29.0)
137 (11.8)
69 (6.0)
20 (1.7)
0
752 (27.4)
358 (13.1)
327 (11.9)
749 (17.3)
333 (12.1)
180 (6.6)
43 (1.6)
1 (0.04)
Country of birth
United States
Outside United States
Unknown
687(43.3)
899 (56.7)
530 (46.0)
621 (54.0)
1217 (44.5)
1520 (55.5)
6 ( 0.2)
Health statusa
Excellent or good
Fair or poor
Unknown
1259 (79.4)
326 (20.6)
953 (83.2)
193 (16.8)
2212 (80.6)
519 (18.9)
12 ( 0.4)
Chronic illnessa
Yes
No
Unknown
248 (15.6%)
1338 (84.4%)
133 (11.9%)
984 (88.8%)
381 (14.1)
2322 (85.9)
0
Time spent outside the home/week a
40+ hours/week
20–40 hours/week
<20 hours/week
Unknown
469 (29.6)
508 (32.1)
607 (38.3)
497 (43.1)
302 (26.2)
355 (30.8)
955 (35.3)
810 (29.5)
962 (35.1)
16 (0.6)
Prevalence of infectious disease symptoms in previous 30 days
Cougha
Runny nosea
Sore throat (only in age ≥3 y)a
Fevera
Vomitinga
Diarrheaa
Skin infectiona
Total symptoms
371 (24.6)
369 (24.5)
273 (18.1)
205 (13.6)
134 (8.9)
102 (6.8)
54 (3.6)
1,508
150 (31.6)
142 (29.9)
61 (12.8)
49 (10.3)
39 (8.2)
32 (6.7)
2 (0.4)
475
521 (26.3)
511 (25.8)
334 (16.8)
254 (12.8)
173 ( 8.7)
134 (6.6)
56 ( 2.8)
1,983
Persons with at least one symptoma
662/1,586 (41.7)
249/1,157 (21.5)
911/2,743 (33.2)
If symptoms present
Sought medical attention for symptomsa
353 (53.3)
88 (35.3)
441 (48.4)
Received some treatmenta
345 (52.1)
41 (16.5)
387 (42.5)
Took antibioticsa 257 (38.8) 97 (49.5) 354 (38.9)

aSignificantly different between two survey periods chi square, all p<0.01.

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