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Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Dyspepsia Symptoms and Helicobacter pylori Infection, Nakuru, Kenya

Haim Shmuely*Comments to Author , Samson Obure†, Douglas J. Passaro‡, Galia Abuksis*, Jacob Yahav*, Gerald Fraser*, Silvio Pitlik*, and Yaron Niv*
Author affiliations: *Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikvah, Israel; †Rift Valley Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya; ‡University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Risk (prevalence odds ratios) of upper gastrointestinal symptoms associated with Helicobacter pylori infection by age, among 276 residents of Nakuru, Kenya

Age (y) Casesa (N=138) (%) Controlsb (N=138) (%) OR (95% CI)c p value
0–20
17/24 (71)
12/32 (38)
4.1 (1.1 to 14.9)
0.02
21–30
35/48 (73)
36/74 (48)
2.6 (1.2 to 6.7)
0.01
31–40
27/38 (71)
15/22 (68)
1.2 (0.3 to 4.1)
1.0
41–50
13/18 (72)
3/6 (50)
2.6 (0.5 to 26.3)
0.4
>50
6/10 (60)
2/4 (50)
1.3 (0.1 to 20.2)
1.0
0–30
52/72 (72)
48/108 (44)
3.3 (1.6 to 6.5)
<0.001
>30 46/66 (70) 20/32 (63) 1.0 (0.4to 2.8) 0.8

aPersons with upper gastrointestinal symptoms.
bPersons without upper gastrointestinal symptoms.
cOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

Main Article

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