Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Dyspepsia Symptoms and Helicobacter pylori Infection, Nakuru, Kenya

Haim Shmuely*Comments to Author , Samson Obure†, Douglas J. Passaro‡, Galia Abuksis*, Jacob Yahav*, Gerald Fraser*, Silvio Pitlik*, and Yaron Niv*
Author affiliations: *Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikvah, Israel; †Rift Valley Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya; ‡University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Risk factors for upper gastrointestinal symptoms among 276 residents of Nakuru, Kenya

Risk factor Casesa N=138 (%) Controlsb N=138 (%) OR (95% CI)c p value
Helicobacter pylori infection
98/138 (71)
70/138 (51)
2.4 (1.5 to 3.9)
<0.001
Less educationd,e
42/114 (37)
16/106 (15)
3.3 (1.71 to 6.27)
<0.001
>7 siblingsd
77/114 (68)
44/105 (42)
2.9 (1.7 to 5.0)
<0.001
Manual laborerd,f
32/91 (35)
9/73 (12)
3.9 (1.7 to 8.6)
<0.001
Female gender
81/138 (59)
56/138 (41)
2.1 (1.3 to 3.4)
0.003
Alcohol used
8/113 (7)
21/104 (20)
0.3 (0.1 to 0.7)
0.005
Ever smokedd
6/115 (7)
3/105 (3)
1.9 (0.5 to 7.0)
0.4
Urban residenceg
86/138 (62)
80/138 (58)
1.2 (0.7 to 1.9)
0.5
Age, median (range) 30 y (1–62) 23 y (2–74) 0.001

aPersons with upper gastrointestinal symptoms.
bPersons without upper gastrointestinal symptoms.
cOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
dAdults >21 years of age.
eUp to 8th grade.
fManual laborers versus persons in clerical or professional fields or housewives.
gCity or town versus rural.

Main Article

TOP