Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Dyspepsia Symptoms and Helicobacter pylori Infection, Nakuru, Kenya

Haim Shmuely*Comments to Author , Samson Obure†, Douglas J. Passaro‡, Galia Abuksis*, Jacob Yahav*, Gerald Fraser*, Silvio Pitlik*, and Yaron Niv*
Author affiliations: *Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikvah, Israel; †Rift Valley Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya; ‡University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA

Main Article

Table 3

Risk factors for upper gastrointestinal symptoms among 276 residents of Nakuru, Kenya

All ages Adults >21 y
Risk factor
OR (95%CI)a
p value
OR (95%CI)
p value
Helicobacter pylori infection
2.2 (1.3 to 3.8)
0.003
2.2 (1.1 to 4.8)
0.03
Age (y)




0–20
1.0b
b
c
c
21–30
0.7 (0.4 to 1.4)
0.3
1.0 b
c
31–40
2.1 (1.0 to 4.7)
0.06
1.5 (0.7 to 3.4)
0.3
41–50
(1.2 to 11.4)
0.02
3.5 (1.1 to 11.1)
0.03
>50
(0.9 to 13.2)
0.06
2.0 (1.4 to 9.0)
0.4
Female gender
2.2 (1.3 to 3.7)
0.003
d

>7 siblings
c

3.2 (1.5 to 7.0)
0.003
Manual laborer
c

3.5 (1.4 to 9.3)
0.003
Ever smoked
c

19.4 (1.5 to 256.7)
0.02
Alcohol use c 0.3 (0.1 to 1.0) 0.05

aOR, odds ration; CI, confidence interval; —, not applicable.
bReference group.
cVariable not included in all-ages model.
dRemoved by backwards-elimination logistic regression.

Main Article

TOP