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Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Consumer Attitudes and Use of Antibiotics

Jodi Vanden Eng*, Ruthanne Marcus*Comments to Author , James L. Hadler†, Beth Imhoff‡, Duc J. Vugia§, Paul R. Cieslak¶, Elizabeth Zell‡, Valerie Deneen#, Katherine Gibbs McCombs**, Shelley M. Zansky††, Marguerite A. Hawkins‡‡, and Richard E. Besser‡
Author affiliations: *Connecticut Emerging Infections Program, New Haven, Connecticut, USA; †Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §California Department of Health Services, Berkeley, California, USA; ¶Oregon Department of Human Services, Portland, Oregon, USA; #Minnesota Department of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; **Georgia Division of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ††New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡‡University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

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Table 3

Effect of knowledge on attitude statements, FoodNet population survey, 1998–1999a

Independent models Adjusted
ORb,c 95% CId


Upper
Lower
1. Agree that antibiotics prevent serious illness
2.50d
2.14
2.92
2. Agree that antibiotics help me get better more quickly
2.29d
1.99
2.65
3. Expect a prescription for antibiotics 1.96d 1.72 2.23

aWe constructed three independent models with the three attitude statements as the dependent variables and knowledge of the dangers of antibiotics and selected demographic characteristics as independent variables.
bOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
cAdjusted for sex, age, education, race, household income, state, place of residence, and insurance.
dValues are significant (p<0.01) after adjusting for multiple comparisons.

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