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Volume 9, Number 9—September 2003

Research

Early Identification of Common-Source Foodborne Virus Outbreaks in Europe

Marion Koopmans*Comments to Author , Harry Vennema*, Herre Heersma*, Elisabeth van Strien*, Yvonne van Duynhoven*, David Brown†, Marc Reacher†, Ben Lopman†, and for the European Consortium on Foodborne Viruses
Author affiliations: *National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands; †Public Health Laboratory Service, London, United Kingdom

Main Article

Table 2

Number of entries in the database by year of detection for selected viruses, as determined by reverse line blot typinga

N HAV SLV ASV NLV NLV capsid NLV pol NLV cap and pol RLB animal
Not dated
364
69
4
7
284
152
119
9
1
2
1989 and before
102
68
2
-
32
15
23
7













1990
43
31
1
-
11
7
10
6


1991
5
-
-
-
5
2
5
2


1992
11
-
2
-
9
3
7
3


1993
21
-
2
-
19
14
26
11


1994
45
-
1
-
44
20
38
14


1995
49
-
-
2
47
15
41
9


1996
122
-
1
4
117
18
100
2


1997
122
-
-
1
121
8
117
5
3
6
1998
158
-
2
6
152
19
130
11
6
13
1999
531
44
2
26
485
39
366
32
129
7
2000
446
40
2
-
404
61
380
41
26
6
2001
419
5
2
2
410
52
396
52
-
-
2002 155 - - - 155 3 155 3 -

aHAV, hepatitis A virus; SLV, Sapporo-like virus; ASV, astrovirus; NLV, Norwalk-like viruses.

Main Article

1The Netherlands: M. Koopmans, H. Vennena, Y. van Duynhoven, D. E. van Strien, W. van de Poel, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment; Bilthoven; Finland: C-H von Bonsdorff, L. Maunula, Helsinki University: Denmark: B. Böttiger, K. Mølbak, F.X. Hanon, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen; Sweden; L. Svensson, K-O Hedlund, Maria Thorvag, Juan Carrique-Mas, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna; UK: D. Brown, M. Reacher, J.Green, B. Lopman, Public Health Laboratory Service, London; Germany: E. Schreier, H. Gelderblom, Andrea Ammon, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin; Spain: A. Sanchez-Faquier, G. Hernández-Pezzi, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid; A. Bosch, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona; J. Buesa, Universitat de Valencia; France: F. LeGuyader, IFREMER, Nantes; P. Pothier, E. Kohli, Laboratoire de Virologie, Dijon; Italy: F. Ruggeri, D. DeMedici, Instituo di Superiore di Sanitá, Rome. In addition, outside the formal project group, M. Poljsak (Slovenia), and G. Szücs (Hungary) actively participate in the project.

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