Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012
Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 6.76 MB - 191 pages]
Medscape CME Activity
Risk Factors for Intestinal Invasive Amebiasis in Japan, 2003–2009
PDF Version [PDF - 562 KB - 8 pages]N. Nagata et al.View Summary
Amebic colitis is increasing among younger men who have syphilis or HIV.
Medscape CME Activity
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Serotype e and f Disease, England and Wales
PDF Version [PDF - 300 KB - 8 pages]S. N. Ladhani et al.View Summary
Incidence of serotype e was 3-fold lower than serotype f, but it caused more severe clinical disease.
Epidemic of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease, Western Canada, 2005–2009
PDF Version [PDF - 285 KB - 8 pages]G. J. Tyrrell et al.View Summary
A single clone of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 5 caused this epidemic.
Antimicrobial Drug Resistance in Escherichia coli from Humans and Food Animals, United States, 1950–2002
PDF Version [PDF - 484 KB - 9 pages]D. A. Tadesse et al.View Summary
Determining drug resistance trends will optimize treatment and public health responses.
Novel Strain of Andes Virus Associated with Fatal Human Infection, Central Bolivia
PDF Version [PDF - 367 KB - 8 pages]C. D. Cruz et al.View Summary
Interventions are needed to reduce human exposure to hantaviruses.
Transmission Dynamics, Border Entry Screening, and School Holidays during the 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic, China
PDF Version [PDF - 726 KB - 9 pages]H. Yu et al.View Summary
Screening delayed spread by <4 days; autumn school holidays reduced the effective reproduction number by ≈40%.
Temporal Trends in Bordetella pertussis Populations, Denmark, 1949–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 532 KB - 8 pages]R. Petersen et al.View Summary
Reduced genetic diversity possibly resulted from introduction of pertussis vaccines
A Spatial Analysis of Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Malaria Incidence in Adults, Ontario, Canada
PDF Version [PDF - 332 KB - 8 pages]R. Eckhardt et al.View Summary
Imported malaria cases in adults are strongly patterned by neighborhood economic and immigration levels.
Bartonella spp. Bacteremia and Rheumatic Symptoms in Patients from Lyme Disease–endemic Region
PDF Version [PDF - 245 KB - 9 pages]R. G. Maggi et al.View Summary
Prevalence of Bartonella spp. was high, especially among patients with a history of Lyme disease.
Characterization of Virulent West Nile Virus Kunjin Strain, Australia, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 419 KB - 9 pages]M. J. Frost et al.View Summary
An encephalitis outbreak among horses was caused by a pathogenic variant of Kunjin virus.
No Association between 2008–09 Influenza Vaccine and Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus Infection, Manitoba, Canada, 2009
PDF Version [PDF - 246 KB - 10 pages]S. M. Mahmud et al.View Summary
Receipt of seasonal inactivated trivalent vaccine neither increased nor decreased the risk for pandemic influenza virus infection.
Use of Spatial Information to Predict Multidrug Resistance in Tuberculosis Patients, Peru
PDF Version [PDF - 239 KB - 3 pages]H. Lin et al.View Summary
Knowing whether a patient has multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is crucial for prescribing the best treatment. The challenge is choosing the most effective drug with the fewest side effects while saving the “big guns” for the most resistant infections. The best way to find out whether a patient has this type of infection is to conduct drug-susceptibility testing. Unfortunately, this testing requires laboratory capabilities that are in short supply, so often only patients at high risk are tested. But who is at high risk? A recent study found an association between patients’ locations (health center at which they were seen) and likelihood of multidrug-resistant infection. Added to other known risk factors (young age, previous TB treatment, or contact with someone with similar infection), this information can further pinpoint who should be tested, which will ultimately lead to faster diagnoses, better treatments and less spread of multidrug-resistant TB.
Influenza Virus A (H10N7) in Chickens and Poultry Abattoir Workers, Australia
PDF Version [PDF - 188 KB - 3 pages]G. G. Arzey et al.
Influenza A and B Virus Attachment to Respiratory Tract in Marine Mammals
PDF Version [PDF - 567 KB - 4 pages]A. J. Ramis et al.
Coxsackievirus A21, Enterovirus 68, and Acute Respiratory Tract Infection, China
PDF Version [PDF - 234 KB - 4 pages]Z. Xiang et al.
Unsuspected Rickettsioses among Patients with Acute Febrile Illness, Sri Lanka, 2007
PDF Version [PDF - 305 KB - 5 pages]M. E. Reller et al.
Origin of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in Rural Côte d’Ivoire
PDF Version [PDF - 246 KB - 4 pages]S. Calvignac-Spencer et al.
Human Infections with Novel Reassortant Influenza A(H3N2)v Viruses, United States, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 303 KB - 4 pages]S. Lindstrom et al.
Pigs as Natural Hosts of Dientamoeba fragilis Genotypes Found in Humans
PDF Version [PDF - 213 KB - 4 pages]S. M. Cacciò et al.View Summary
The world is home to more than 1 billion pigs, which produce large quantities of feces. We know that some organisms in pig feces can cause human disease, and now we might have another to add to the list. Little is known about where the common intestinal parasite Dientamoeba fragilis comes from and how it is spread. However, recent molecular analysis confirmed that the organism found in pigs is indeed the same as the one found in humans. Therefore, pigs (or their feces) might be a source of this parasitic infection in humans.
Plasmodium vivax Malaria–associated Acute Kidney Injury, India, 2010–2011
PDF Version [PDF - 336 KB - 4 pages]V. B. Kute et al.
Novel Human Adenovirus Strain, Bangladesh
PDF Version [PDF - 271 KB - 3 pages]Y. Matsushima et al.
Rhabdomyolysis Associated with Antimicrobial Drug–Resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae
PDF Version [PDF - 247 KB - 3 pages]T. Oishi et al.
Human Adenovirus Type 7 Outbreak in Police Training Center, Malaysia, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 162 KB - 3 pages]M. Yusof et al.
Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus–associated Meningitis, Southern Spain
PDF Version [PDF - 321 KB - 4 pages]M. Pérez-Ruiz et al.
Diversity of Parvovirus 4–like Viruses in Humans, Chimpanzees, and Monkeys in Hunter–Prey Relationships
PDF Version [PDF - 298 KB - 4 pages]C. Adlhoch et al.
Emergency Department Visits for Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, Davidson County, Tennessee, USA
PDF Version [PDF - 156 KB - 3 pages]W. H. Self et al.
Screening for Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, Auckland International Airport, New Zealand
PDF Version [PDF - 184 KB - 3 pages]M. J. Hale et al.
Hepatitis E Virus Infection among Solid Organ Transplant Recipients, the Netherlands
PDF Version [PDF - 238 KB - 4 pages]S. D. Pas et al.
Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities, Oregon and Minnesota, USA, 2002–2009
PDF Version [PDF - 188 KB - 4 pages]L. E. Lee et al.View Summary
Sapovirus gives new meaning to the phrase “cradle to grave.” Historically, sapovirus has been associated with gastrointestinal illness in children living in group settings such as hospitals, shelters, or refugee camps. But now, sapovirus outbreaks are occurring among elderly residents of long-term care and similar facilities. These elderly residents are especially vulnerable to rapidly transmitted gastrointestinal viruses and serious complications. This virus has been making the rounds in long-term care facilities since 2002, and outbreaks started increasing in 2007. Sapovirus testing should be added to routine diagnostic workups for gastrointestinal infections, regardless of patient age group. Results can be used to develop prevention, control, and treatment guidelines, especially for vulnerable elderly populations.
Possible Nosocomial Transmission of Pneumocystis jirovecii
PDF Version [PDF - 107 KB - 2 pages]C. Damiani et al.
Fatal Human Co-infection with Leptospira spp. and Dengue Virus, Puerto Rico, 2010
PDF Version [PDF - 198 KB - 3 pages]T. M. Sharp et al.
Serologic Evidence of West Nile Virus Infection among Humans, Morocco
PDF Version [PDF - 130 KB - 2 pages]H. El Rhaffouli et al.
Enterovirus 104 Infection in Adult, Japan, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 125 KB - 2 pages]A. Kaida et al.
Clonal Spread of Geomyces destructans among Bats, Midwestern and Southern United States
PDF Version [PDF - 165 KB - 3 pages]P. Ren et al.
Electronic School Absenteeism Monitoring and Influenza Surveillance, Hong Kong
PDF Version [PDF - 156 KB - 3 pages]C. Cheng et al.
Epidemic Genotype of Coxiella burnetii among Goats, Sheep, and Humans in the Netherlands
PDF Version [PDF - 119 KB - 3 pages]J. Tilburg et al.
High Anti–Phenolic Glycolipid-I IgM Titers and Hidden Leprosy Cases, Amazon Region
PDF Version [PDF - 111 KB - 2 pages]C. Salgado et al.
Novel Prion Protein in BSE-affected Cattle, Switzerland
PDF Version [PDF - 213 KB - 3 pages]R. Kittelberger
About the Cover
Peer Reviewed Report Available Online OnlyReport on the International Symposium on Hepatitis E, Seoul, South Korea, 2010T. F. Wierzba and U. Panzner
- Page created: April 26, 2012
- Page last updated: April 26, 2012
- Page last reviewed: April 26, 2012
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